Li Shengfa1; Li Xiubin2
Source Publicationjournalofgeographicalsciences
AbstractFarmland marginalization has become the main trend of land-use change in the mountainous areas of china. using annual survey data of major agricultural production costs and earnings at national and provincial levels in china, this study aims to analyze the reasons and mechanism behind farmland marginalization in mountainous areas. we find that farmers on plains are able to reduce their per mu labor input effectively through intensive use of agricultural machinery, which has minimized the impact of the increase in labor price. however, it is extremely challenging for farmers in mountainous areas to use the same method owing to the rough terrain. thus, per laborer farming area in these areas has increased relatively slowly, causing a widening gap in agricultural labor productivity between the two regions. with the rapid rise in labor costs since 2003, the marginalization of cultivated land in mountainous areas is evident. in 2013, the net profit of agricultural production in mountainous china fell below zero. since 2000, the land-use and land-cover change in these areas was characterized by the reduction of farmland area, reforestation, and the enhancement of the ndvi value. the high correlation between the ndvi change rate and the ratio of change in farmland (r = -0.70) and forest (r = 0.91) in mountainous areas at provincial level further attests to the trend of farmland marginalization there. finally, we summarize the mechanism of such marginalization against the backdrop of the rapid increase in the opportunity cost of farming and the rapid fall of agricultural labor forces in mountainous areas. this study contributes to a deep understanding of the development process of farmland marginalization and abandonment as well as forest transition in chinese mountainous areas.
Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
Li Shengfa,Li Xiubin. themechanismoffarmlandmarginalizationinchinesemountainousareasevidencefromcostandreturnchanges[J]. journalofgeographicalsciences,2019,29(4):531.
APA Li Shengfa,&Li Xiubin.(2019).themechanismoffarmlandmarginalizationinchinesemountainousareasevidencefromcostandreturnchanges.journalofgeographicalsciences,29(4),531.
MLA Li Shengfa,et al."themechanismoffarmlandmarginalizationinchinesemountainousareasevidencefromcostandreturnchanges".journalofgeographicalsciences 29.4(2019):531.
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