YANG XiaoYan1; LIU ChangJiang2; ZHANG JianPing3; YANG WuZhan4; ZHANG XiaoHu5; LU HouYuan3
Source Publicationchinesesciencebulletin
AbstractA large amount of carbonized plant remains were discovered in one of the outer burial pits of the Han Yangling Mausoleum, which was built more than 2000 years ago for the Jing Emperor, Liu, Qi (188-141 cal a BC), the fourth emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. The remains are identified by phytolith analysis and macrofossil morphological features. Seeds from foxtail millet (Setaria italica), broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), rice (Oryza sativa) and chenopod (possible Chenopodium giganteum) are identified, suggesting that these four crops might have been the staple plant foods in the capital area (Guanzhong area), Shaanxi Province during the Early Western Han Dynasty. Chenopods were often considered as weeds since they have only been rarely found as carbonized seeds in prehistoric sites. This is the first time such a large amount of seeds has been found at a site, which provides strong material evidence for chenopod cultivation with a long history in China. Wheat was thought to be promoted and popularized in the Guanzhong area since the Wu Emporor, Liu, Che (156-87 cal a BC), the fifth emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. No wheat was found at this site, which supports the historical document record that wheat was still secondary in the diet and agrarian economy before the Wu Emperor's reign.
Funding Project[National Natural Science Foundation of China] ; [National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars] ; [Chinese Civilization Origins Project] ; [Chinese Academy of Sciences]
Document Type期刊论文
4.Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology
First Author Affilication中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
YANG XiaoYan,LIU ChangJiang,ZHANG JianPing,et al. plantcropremainsfromtheouterburialpitofthehanyanglingmausoleumandtheirsignificancetoearlywesternhanagriculture[J]. chinesesciencebulletin,2009,54(10):1738.
APA YANG XiaoYan,LIU ChangJiang,ZHANG JianPing,YANG WuZhan,ZHANG XiaoHu,&LU HouYuan.(2009).plantcropremainsfromtheouterburialpitofthehanyanglingmausoleumandtheirsignificancetoearlywesternhanagriculture.chinesesciencebulletin,54(10),1738.
MLA YANG XiaoYan,et al."plantcropremainsfromtheouterburialpitofthehanyanglingmausoleumandtheirsignificancetoearlywesternhanagriculture".chinesesciencebulletin 54.10(2009):1738.
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