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Residents' perspectives and responses to environmental degradation in the upper Dadu River, eastern Tibetan Plateau
摆万奇1; 郑度1; 阎建忠2; 张镱锂1; 朱会义1
2006
Source PublicationJournal of Geographical Sciences
ISSN0375-5444
Volume061Issue:002Pages:146
Abstract青藏高原的环境退化引起了极大的关注,但农牧民如何认识和响应环境退化,还缺乏实证研究.采用参与性农村评估法,对大渡河上游不同地带典型村(位于河谷区的丹扎木村、中山区的克尔马村和山原区的日科村)的农牧民进行调查和对比分析.研究表明:①大渡河上游不同地带的居民对环境退化具有不同的响应过程.河谷区通过劳动力向二、三产业转移,缓解了人口压力,采取积极的措施来应对自然灾害和森林退化;中山区以劳动力向二、三产业转移和发展畜牧业来缓解人口压力,没有采取积极的措施应对环境退化:山原区的劳动力不能转移到二、三产业,只能通过增加牲畜数量来解决生计,牧民仅采取一些积极的措施来应对草料不足的问题和雪灾等自然灾害.在大渡河上游,最脆弱的区域是中山区和山原区,而不是人口压力大的河谷区.②生计方式是影响居民响应人口压力和环境退化的关键因素.基于居民的生计方式来解释和解决生态脆弱区的人口压力和环境退化问题,将是一个新的方向.③劳动力向二、三产业转移有利于居民改善生计.降低教育收费和进行基础设施建设,将加快劳动力向二、三产业转移.
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/79736
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Affiliation1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
2.西南大学
First Author Affilication中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
摆万奇,郑度,阎建忠,等. Residents' perspectives and responses to environmental degradation in the upper Dadu River, eastern Tibetan Plateau[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,2006,061(002):146.
APA 摆万奇,郑度,阎建忠,张镱锂,&朱会义.(2006).Residents' perspectives and responses to environmental degradation in the upper Dadu River, eastern Tibetan Plateau.Journal of Geographical Sciences,061(002),146.
MLA 摆万奇,et al."Residents' perspectives and responses to environmental degradation in the upper Dadu River, eastern Tibetan Plateau".Journal of Geographical Sciences 061.002(2006):146.
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