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Health Risk and Resilience Assessment with Respect to the Main Air Pollutants in Sichuan
Xiong, Junnan1,2; Ye, Chongchong1; Zhou, Tiancai3,4; Cheng, Weiming2,4
2019-08-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Volume16Issue:15Pages:19
Corresponding AuthorYe, Chongchong(yechongchong107319@163.com)
AbstractRapid urbanization and industrialization in developing countries have caused an increase in air pollutant concentrations, and this has attracted public concern due to the resulting harmful effects to health. Here we present, through the spatial-temporal characteristics of six criteria air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO, and O-3) in Sichuan, a human health risk assessment framework conducted to evaluate the health risk of different age groups caused by ambient air pollutants. Public health resilience was evaluated with respect to the risk resulting from ambient air pollutants, and a spatial inequality analysis between the risk caused by ambient air pollutants and hospital density in Sichuan was performed based on the Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient. The results indicated that high concentrations of PM2.5 (47.7 mu g m(-3)) and PM10 (75.9 mu g m(-3)) were observed in the Sichuan Basin; these two air pollutants posed a high risk to infants. The high risk caused by PM2.5 was mainly distributed in Sichuan Basin (1.14) and that caused by PM10 was principally distributed in Zigong (1.01). Additionally, the infants in Aba and Ganzi had high health resilience to the risk caused by PM2.5 (3.89 and 4.79, respectively) and PM10 (3.28 and 2.77, respectively), which was explained by the low risk in these two regions. These regions and Sichuan had severe spatial inequality between the infant hazard quotient caused by PM2.5 (G = 0.518, G = 0.493, and G = 0.456, respectively) and hospital density. This spatial inequality was also caused by PM10 (G = 0.525, G = 0.526, and G = 0.466, respectively), which is mainly attributed to the imbalance between hospital distribution and risk caused by PM2.5 (PM10) in these two areas. Such research could provide a basis for the formulation of medical construction and future air pollution control measures in Sichuan.
Keywordair pollutants health risk assessment health resilience assessment spatial inequality analysis
DOI10.3390/ijerph16152796
WOS KeywordYANGTZE-RIVER DELTA ; PARTICULATE MATTER ; HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS ; TEMPORAL VARIATIONS ; POLLUTION ; OZONE ; CHINA ; DISEASE ; CITIES ; PM2.5
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20030302] ; Science and Technology Project of Xizang Autonomous Region[XZ201901-GA-07] ; Open Subject of Big Data Institute of Digital Natural Disaster Monitoring in Fujian[NDMBD2018003] ; Southwest Petroleum University of Science and Technology Innovation Team Projects[2017CXTD09] ; National Flash Flood Investigation and Evaluation Project[SHZH-IWHR-57]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Science and Technology Project of Xizang Autonomous Region ; Open Subject of Big Data Institute of Digital Natural Disaster Monitoring in Fujian ; Southwest Petroleum University of Science and Technology Innovation Team Projects ; National Flash Flood Investigation and Evaluation Project
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000482128400165
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/69778
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYe, Chongchong
Affiliation1.Southwest Petr Univ, Sch Civil Engn & Architecture, Chengdu 610500, Sichuan, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Synth Res Ctr Chinese Ecosyst Res Network, Key Lab Ecosyst Network Observat & Modelling, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiong, Junnan,Ye, Chongchong,Zhou, Tiancai,et al. Health Risk and Resilience Assessment with Respect to the Main Air Pollutants in Sichuan[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,2019,16(15):19.
APA Xiong, Junnan,Ye, Chongchong,Zhou, Tiancai,&Cheng, Weiming.(2019).Health Risk and Resilience Assessment with Respect to the Main Air Pollutants in Sichuan.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,16(15),19.
MLA Xiong, Junnan,et al."Health Risk and Resilience Assessment with Respect to the Main Air Pollutants in Sichuan".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 16.15(2019):19.
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