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Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change
Wang, Jun1; Sui, Lichun1; Yang, Xiaomei2,3,4; Wang, Zhihua2,3; Ge, Dazhuan4,5; Kang, Junmei1; Yang, Fengshuo2,3; Liu, Yueming2,3; Liu, Bin2,3
2019-07-02
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
Volume11Issue:14Pages:21
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jun(zhwang@lreis.ac.cn) ; Wang, Zhihua() ; Ge, Dazhuan(gedz@njnu.edu.cn)
AbstractEconomic globalization promotes the economic development of underdeveloped regions but also influences the ecological environments of these regions, such as natural forest degradation. For inland developing regions with underdeveloped traffic routes, are the effects on the ecological environment also as obvious? To reveal the response characteristics of the ecological environment of the inland developing countries to globalization, we took Laos as an example, and used the land use/cover change data and also its exports and imports data to analyze the ecological environment change since the millennium. Land use transfer matrix analysis showed that Laos had encountered a large conversion of 14.43% natural forest to plantation forest since 2000 to 2017, and also a degradation of 5.94% natural forest to shrubland and grassland. Landscape pattern analysis showed that these changes were the main reasons of the fragmentation of ecological patches, which would lead to a reduction in biodiversity. More, topographic analysis further showed that natural forest degradation mainly took place in high-altitude and large slope areas, which could increase the potential of natural hazards such as floods. Coupling analysis with its exports and imports data indicated that economic globalization still had a significant impact on the country's ecological environment although Laos is an inland developing country. Laos should strengthen the regulation of renewable resources such as forests and water resources, to avoid losing the renewable resources market while still enjoying the dividends of economic globalization. At the same time, it is necessary to accurately evaluate the indirect impacts of development on neighboring countries to ensure sustainable development.
Keywordeconomic globalization ecological environment land use cover landscape pattern topographic analysis
DOI10.3390/su11143940
WOS KeywordECOSYSTEM SERVICES ; LANDSCAPE PATTERN ; FARMLAND TRANSITION ; COVER ; CLIMATE ; DYNAMICS ; URBANIZATION ; SEGMENTATION ; BIODIVERSITY ; CATCHMENT
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectCAS Earth Big Data Science Project of China[XDA19060303] ; National Science Foundation of China[41671436] ; National Science Foundation of China[41421001] ; Innovation Project of LREIS[O88RAA01YA] ; MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences[19YJCZH036] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling[KF2018-02]
Funding OrganizationCAS Earth Big Data Science Project of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Innovation Project of LREIS ; MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences ; CAS Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000482261800184
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/69598
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jun; Wang, Zhihua; Ge, Dazhuan
Affiliation1.Changan Univ, Coll Geol Engn & Geomat, Xian 710054, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Jiangsu Ctr Collaborat Innovat Geog Informat Reso, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Geog, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Jun,Sui, Lichun,Yang, Xiaomei,et al. Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2019,11(14):21.
APA Wang, Jun.,Sui, Lichun.,Yang, Xiaomei.,Wang, Zhihua.,Ge, Dazhuan.,...&Liu, Bin.(2019).Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change.SUSTAINABILITY,11(14),21.
MLA Wang, Jun,et al."Economic Globalization Impacts on the Ecological Environment of Inland Developing Countries: A Case Study of Laos from the Perspective of the Land Use/Cover Change".SUSTAINABILITY 11.14(2019):21.
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