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Escalating human-wildlife conflict in the Wolong Nature Reserve, China: A dynamic and paradoxical process
Xu, Jianying1; Wei, Jianying1; Liu, Wenhua2
2019-06-01
Source PublicationECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
ISSN2045-7758
Volume9Issue:12Pages:7273-7283
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Wenhua(liuwh@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractHuman-wildlife conflict (HWC) has become a conservation focus for both protected area management and local communities in many parts of the world. The incidence and mediation of HWCs are rooted in coupled environmental and socioeconomic contexts. A systematic analysis of HWCs was undertaken in 2016 in the Wolong Nature Reserve located in Sichuan Province, southwestern China. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 201 local households to understand the occurrence of wildlife damage, the wildlife species involved, the typical losses incurred, and the mitigation measures employed. The results revealed that local HWC has increased rapidly in recent years due to effective biodiversity conservation and ecological restoration policies. Despite the widespread occurrence of HWCs, with nearly all respondents stating that they had suffered a financial loss, appropriate compensation schemes are lacking. Local respondents' expected compensation amount and style were investigated, and it was concluded that integrated compensation and community development plans are needed to mediate and resolve HWC. In particular, greater attention should be given to reduce local households' dependence on agriculture and transform local livelihood strategies to alternative economic activities not related to farming, such as ecotourism development and migrating employment.
Keywordcompensation cropland damage mitigation ecological restoration human-wild conflic systematic analysis wildlife encroachment Wolong Nature Reserve
DOI10.1002/ece3.5299
WOS KeywordLIVESTOCK DEPREDATION ; NATIONAL-PARK ; AMUR TIGERS ; CONSERVATION ; MANAGEMENT ; AREA ; ATTITUDES ; HUNCHUN ; BEARS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41271552]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS SubjectEcology ; Evolutionary Biology
WOS IDWOS:000478648300041
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/68662
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Wenhua
Affiliation1.Capital Normal Univ, Coll Resource Environm & Tourism, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resource Res, Key Lab Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Proc, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Jianying,Wei, Jianying,Liu, Wenhua. Escalating human-wildlife conflict in the Wolong Nature Reserve, China: A dynamic and paradoxical process[J]. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION,2019,9(12):7273-7283.
APA Xu, Jianying,Wei, Jianying,&Liu, Wenhua.(2019).Escalating human-wildlife conflict in the Wolong Nature Reserve, China: A dynamic and paradoxical process.ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION,9(12),7273-7283.
MLA Xu, Jianying,et al."Escalating human-wildlife conflict in the Wolong Nature Reserve, China: A dynamic and paradoxical process".ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 9.12(2019):7273-7283.
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