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A Study of the Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Migration in Russia
Wang, Li1,2; Huang, Jixia3; Cai, Hongyan4; Liu, Hengzi5; Lu, Jinmei6; Yang, Linsheng1,5
2019-03-02
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume11Issue:6Pages:14
Corresponding AuthorHuang, Jixia(huangjx@bjfu.edu.cn) ; Yang, Linsheng(yangls@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractRussia has experienced population decline in years and the economic development in Russia is largely restricted by labor shortage, particularly for the Far North and East region. In order to explore the migration mechanisms, six socioeconomic factors were selected to explore the influences on the net migration. Data from the 82 regions covering four time periods (2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015) was processed use spatial panel econometric analysis and the time-period fixed effects Spatial Durbin Model (SDM) was selected as the best fit model after tests. The results indicates that, unemployment and infant death rate are significantly negatively associated with net migration, while urbanization rate, urban scale and life expectancy are significantly positively associated with net migration; every 100 USD increase in per capita GRP (Gross Regional Product) is positively related with averagely 5.4 net migrates in the region; every 1 year increase in life expectancy would increase 1052 net migrates; every 1sqm increase in urban scale would increase the net migrates by 11.75 and every 1% increase in unemployment would lead to a decrease of 0.54 net migrates. Spillover effect was also found for per capita GRP and life expectancy, indicating that the increase of per capita GRP and life expectancy in neighboring regions can also increase the attractiveness in one region. It can be concluded that better job market, better economic status and health related wellbeing are all attracting factors for migrates and these factors can even make the neighborhood region more attractive for immigrates. Considering the ambitious development plan for the Russia Far North and East regions, related suggestions on attracting migrates are provided.
KeywordRussia migration socioeconomic GIS spatial panel econometric model
DOI10.3390/su11061650
WOS KeywordLABOR MIGRATION ; INTERNAL MIGRATION ; POPULATION ; EASTERN ; YOUTH
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19070502] ; Key project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-ZS-2017-4]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000465613000105
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/68627
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHuang, Jixia; Yang, Linsheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Maastricht Univ, Fac Hlth Med & Life Sci, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
3.Beijing Forestry Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Silviculture & Conservat, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
6.Arctic Univ Norway, Dept Engn & Safety, N-9037 Tromso, Norway
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Li,Huang, Jixia,Cai, Hongyan,et al. A Study of the Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Migration in Russia[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2019,11(6):14.
APA Wang, Li,Huang, Jixia,Cai, Hongyan,Liu, Hengzi,Lu, Jinmei,&Yang, Linsheng.(2019).A Study of the Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Migration in Russia.SUSTAINABILITY,11(6),14.
MLA Wang, Li,et al."A Study of the Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Migration in Russia".SUSTAINABILITY 11.6(2019):14.
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