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Rural land engineering and poverty alleviation: Lessons from typical regions in China
Liu Yansui1,2; Wang Yongsheng1
2019-05-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume29Issue:5Pages:643-657
Corresponding AuthorWang Yongsheng(wangys@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractPoverty is a key issue restricting rural sustainable development; concurrently, regional land degradation impedes agricultural development and rural revitalization. China faces severe land degradation and deepening rural poverty under the context of rapid urbanization. To address these challenges, sustainable land use is an important tool in our society's economic development. Rural engineering, including rural land consolidation, reclamation, restoration, reallocation, improvement, and development, is the most direct and effective way to achieve rural sustainable poverty alleviation. This study clarifies the framework between land engineering and rural poverty alleviation, and introduces land engineering technologies, newly created land utilization practices, and the contributions to poverty alleviation in representative degraded land regions. Land engineering can increase land quantity, improve land quality, enhance land ecological function, and promote man-land system coupling. Further, it can erase rural poverty by increasing county revenue and households' income, lead to industrial development, and improve living environment. Specifically, degraded sandy land, gully land, hollowed construction land, and barren hilly land are transformed into productive land by improving the land structure. Innovated land engineering technologies and sustainable land utilization modes can provide the basic theories and reference approaches for rural poverty alleviation. Identifying obstacles to effective land and corresponding engineering practices are crucial to regional land exploitation and development, improving quality of life and alleviating rural poverty.
Keywordrural land engineering poverty alleviation man-land system coupling sustainable development rural geography
DOI10.1007/s11442-019-1619-9
WOS KeywordFELDSPATHIC SANDSTONE ; US ; POLICY ; CONSOLIDATION ; URBANIZATION ; DEGRADATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFC0504701] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41801174]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000466737100001
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/68587
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang Yongsheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu Yansui,Wang Yongsheng. Rural land engineering and poverty alleviation: Lessons from typical regions in China[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2019,29(5):643-657.
APA Liu Yansui,&Wang Yongsheng.(2019).Rural land engineering and poverty alleviation: Lessons from typical regions in China.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,29(5),643-657.
MLA Liu Yansui,et al."Rural land engineering and poverty alleviation: Lessons from typical regions in China".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 29.5(2019):643-657.
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