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Large-scale management of common reed, Phragmites australis, for paper production: A case study from the Liaohe Delta, China
Brix, Hans1,2,3; Ye, Siyuan1; Laws, Edward A.4; Sun, Dechao5; Li, Guosheng1,6; Ding, Xigui1; Yuan, Hongming1; Zhao, Guangming1; Wang, Jin1; Pei, Shaofeng1
2014-12-01
Source PublicationECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
Volume73Pages:760-769
AbstractThe largest Phragmites reed field in the world, with a historical area of approximately 1000 km(2), is located in the Liaohe Delta in northeastern China. The Phragmites wetlands are extensively managed to maximize the production of reed biomass for the paper industry. Based on satellite remote sensing we estimated that the total area of the Phragmites wetlands has decreased from 857 km(2) in 2003 to 786 km(2) in 2009 to accommodate oil field infrastructure and societal developments. However, at the same time the production of Phragmites biomass used for the production of reed pulp has increased to 400,000 metric tons per year. This paper describes the great efforts that have been made to increase the Phragmites yields for the paper industry, including (1) diversion of freshwater from rivers to the Phragmites fields, (2) management of the water table, (3) harvesting and burning for pest control, and (4) seawater irrigation to rehabilitate Phragmites fields infested with weeds. The paper industry has facilitated the conservation of the Phragmites wetlands and their associated ecosystem services. Besides being a source for fiber, the wetlands provide important habitat for wildlife, sequester carbon, and create job opportunities and economic income for the local people. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordCommon Reed Water Table Management Paper Production Freshwater Diversion Seawater Irrigation Wetland
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine ; Technology
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Engineering
WOS KeywordPOPULATION-DYNAMICS ; WETLANDS ; EXPANSION ; DIVERSITY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectEcology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000347018400094
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/68388
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYe, Siyuan
Affiliation1.Minist Land & Resources, Key Lab Coastal Wetland Biogeosci, China Geol Survey,MLR,Qingdao Inst Marine Geol, Key Lab Marine Hydrocarbon Resources & Environm G, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
3.Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res SDC, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
4.Louisiana State Univ, Sch Coast & Environm, Dept Environm Sci, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA
5.Panjin Wetland Sci Res Inst, Panjin, Liaoning, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Brix, Hans,Ye, Siyuan,Laws, Edward A.,et al. Large-scale management of common reed, Phragmites australis, for paper production: A case study from the Liaohe Delta, China[J]. ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,2014,73:760-769.
APA Brix, Hans.,Ye, Siyuan.,Laws, Edward A..,Sun, Dechao.,Li, Guosheng.,...&Pei, Shaofeng.(2014).Large-scale management of common reed, Phragmites australis, for paper production: A case study from the Liaohe Delta, China.ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,73,760-769.
MLA Brix, Hans,et al."Large-scale management of common reed, Phragmites australis, for paper production: A case study from the Liaohe Delta, China".ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING 73(2014):760-769.
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