Vegetation distribution on Tibetan Plateau under climate change scenario
Zhao, Dongsheng1; Wu, Shaohong1,2; Yin, Yunhe1; Yin, Zhi-Yong3
AbstractThe impact of climate change on distribution of vegetation is an important aspect in studies on the responses of ecosystems to the climate change. Particularly in the sensitive environments of the Tibetan Plateau, vegetation distribution may be significantly affected by climate change. In this research, the coupled biogeography and biogeochemistry model, BIOME4, was modified according to the features of vegetation distribution on the Plateau, and the Kappa statistic was used to evaluate the modeling results by comparing the simulated vegetation distribution with the existing 1:1,000,000 vegetation map of China. The comparison showed that modified model was appropriate for simulating the overall vegetation distribution on the Plateau. With the improved BIOME4 model, possible changes in the vegetation distribution were simulated under climate change scenarios. The simulated results suggest that alpine meadows, steppes, and alpine sparse/cushion vegetation and deserts would shrink, while shrubs, broad-leaved forests, coniferous-broad-leaved mixed forests, and coniferous forests would expand. Among these types, shrubs, alpine meadows, and steppes would change the most. The shrubs vegetation would expand toward the northwest, replacing most alpine meadows and part of steppes, and thus causing their shrinkages. Yet broad-leaved forests and coniferous-broad-leaved mixed forests demonstrated smaller changes in their distributions. For all the forest types, the area of coniferous forests would increase the most by spreading to the interior of the Plateau.
KeywordVegetation Distribution Biome4 Model Tibetan Plateau Responses Of Vegetation To Climate Change Vegetation Distribution
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000298226500014
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Cited Times:42[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWu, Shaohong
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
3.Univ San Diego, San Diego, CA 92110 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Dongsheng,Wu, Shaohong,Yin, Yunhe,et al. Vegetation distribution on Tibetan Plateau under climate change scenario[J]. REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,2011,11(4):905-915.
APA Zhao, Dongsheng,Wu, Shaohong,Yin, Yunhe,&Yin, Zhi-Yong.(2011).Vegetation distribution on Tibetan Plateau under climate change scenario.REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,11(4),905-915.
MLA Zhao, Dongsheng,et al."Vegetation distribution on Tibetan Plateau under climate change scenario".REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE 11.4(2011):905-915.
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