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Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus storage in alpine grassland ecosystems of Tibet: effects of grazing exclusion
Lu, Xuyang1,2; Yan, Yan1; Sun, Jian3; Zhang, Xiaoke1; Chen, Youchao1; Wang, Xiaodan1,2; Cheng, Genwei1
2015-10-01
Source PublicationECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
ISSN2045-7758
Volume5Issue:19Pages:4492-4504
AbstractIn recent decades, alpine grasslands have been seriously degraded on the Tibetan Plateau and grazing exclusion by fencing has been widely adopted to restore degraded grasslands since 2004. To elucidate how alpine grasslands carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) storage responds to this management strategy, three types of alpine grassland in nine counties in Tibet were selected to investigate C, N, and P storage in the environment by comparing free grazing (FG) and grazing exclusion (GE) treatments, which had run for 6-8years. The results revealed that there were no significant differences in total ecosystem C, N, and P storage, as well as the C, N, and P stored in both total biomass and soil (0-30cm) fractions between FG and GE grasslands. However, precipitation played a key role in controlling C, N, and P storage and distribution. With grazing exclusion, C and N stored in aboveground biomass significantly increased by 5.7g m(-2) and 0.1g m(-2), respectively, whereas the C and P stored in the soil surface layer (0-15cm) significantly decreased by 862.9g m(-2) and 13.6g m(-2), respectively. Furthermore, the storage of the aboveground biomass C, N, and P was positively correlated with vegetation cover and negatively correlated with the biodiversity index, including Pielou evenness index, Shannon-Wiener diversity index, and Simpson dominance index. The storage of soil surface layer C, N, and P was positively correlated with soil silt content and negatively correlated with soil sand content. Our results demonstrated that grazing exclusion had no impact on total C, N, and P storage, as well as C, N, and P in both total biomass and soil (0-30cm) fractions in the alpine grassland ecosystem. However, grazing exclusion could result in increased aboveground biomass C and N pools and decreased soil surface layer (0-15cm) Cand P pools.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordAlpine Meadow Alpine Steppe Fencing Soil Organic Carbon Tibetan Plateau
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS Subject ExtendedEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
DOI10.1002/ece3.1732
WOS KeywordNET PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY ; SOIL C STOCKS ; PRECIPITATION GRADIENT ; SEMIARID RANGELANDS ; SPECIES RICHNESS ; ORGANIC-MATTER ; INNER-MONGOLIA ; GROWING-SEASON ; USE EFFICIENCY ; PLATEAU
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS SubjectEcology
WOS IDWOS:000362523300023
PublisherWILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation statistics
Cited Times:19[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/67864
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYan, Yan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mt Surface Proc & Ecol Regulat, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Xainza Alpine Steppe & Wetland Ecosyst Observat &, Xainza 853100, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Ecosyst Network Observat & Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lu, Xuyang,Yan, Yan,Sun, Jian,et al. Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus storage in alpine grassland ecosystems of Tibet: effects of grazing exclusion[J]. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION,2015,5(19):4492-4504.
APA Lu, Xuyang.,Yan, Yan.,Sun, Jian.,Zhang, Xiaoke.,Chen, Youchao.,...&Cheng, Genwei.(2015).Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus storage in alpine grassland ecosystems of Tibet: effects of grazing exclusion.ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION,5(19),4492-4504.
MLA Lu, Xuyang,et al."Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus storage in alpine grassland ecosystems of Tibet: effects of grazing exclusion".ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 5.19(2015):4492-4504.
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