Spatial pattern of severe acute respiratory syndrome in-out flow in 2003 in Mainland China
Xu,Chengdong1,2; Wang,Jinfeng1,2; Wang,Li1,2; Cao,Chunxiang3
Source PublicationBMC Infectious Diseases
Corresponding AuthorWang,Jinfeng(wangjf@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractAbstractBackgroundSevere acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) spread to 32 countries and regions within a few months in 2003. There were 5327 SARS cases from November 2002 to May 2003 in Mainland China, which involved 29 provinces, resulted in 349 deaths, and directly caused economic losses of $18.3 billion.MethodsThis study used an in-out flow model and flow mapping to visualize and explore the spatial pattern of SARS transmission in different regions. In-out flow is measured by the in-out degree and clustering coefficient of SARS. Flow mapping is an exploratory method of spatial visualization for interaction data.ResultsThe findings were as follows. (1) SARS in-out flow had a clear hierarchy. It formed two main centers, Guangdong in South China and Beijing in North China, and two secondary centers, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia, both connected to Beijing. (2) “Spring Festival travel” strengthened external flow, but “SARS panic effect” played a more significant role and pushed the external flow to the peak. (3) External flow and its three typical kinds showed obvious spatial heterogeneity, such as self-spreading flow (spatial displacement of SARS cases only within the province or municipality of onset and medical locations); hospitalized flow (spatial displacement of SARS cases that had been seen by a hospital doctor); and migrant flow (spatial displacement of SARS cases among migrant workers). (4) Internal and external flow tended to occur in younger groups, and occupational differentiation was particularly evident. Low-income groups of male migrants aged 19–35 years were the main routes of external flow.ConclusionsDuring 2002–2003, SARS in-out flow played an important role in countrywide transmission of the disease in Mainland China. The flow had obvious spatial heterogeneity, which was influenced by migrants’ behavior characteristics. In addition, the Chinese holiday effect led to irregular spread of SARS, but the panic effect was more apparent in the middle and late stages of the epidemic. These findings constitute valuable input to prevent and control future serious infectious diseases like SARS.
KeywordIn-out flow Mainland China SARS
WOS IDBMC:10.1186/s12879-014-0721-y
PublisherBioMed Central
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWang,Jinfeng
Affiliation1.Chinese Academy of Sciences; LREIS, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research
2.Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early Warning on Infectious Disease
3.Chinese Academy of Sciences; Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth
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GB/T 7714
Xu,Chengdong,Wang,Jinfeng,Wang,Li,et al. Spatial pattern of severe acute respiratory syndrome in-out flow in 2003 in Mainland China[J]. BMC Infectious Diseases,2014,14(1).
APA Xu,Chengdong,Wang,Jinfeng,Wang,Li,&Cao,Chunxiang.(2014).Spatial pattern of severe acute respiratory syndrome in-out flow in 2003 in Mainland China.BMC Infectious Diseases,14(1).
MLA Xu,Chengdong,et al."Spatial pattern of severe acute respiratory syndrome in-out flow in 2003 in Mainland China".BMC Infectious Diseases 14.1(2014).
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