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The Effect of Economic Growth, Urbanization, and Industrialization on Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Concentrations in China
Li, Guangdong1; Fang, Chuanglin1; Wang, Shaojian2; Sun, Siao1
2016-11-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN0013-936X
Volume50Issue:21Pages:11452-11459
Corresponding AuthorFang, Chuanglin(fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Wang, Shaojian(wangshj8@mail.sysu.edu.cn)
AbstractRapid economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization in China have led to extremely severe air pollution that causes increasing negative effects on human health, visibility, and climate change. However, the influence mechanisms of these anthropogenic factors on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations are poorly understood. In this study, we combined panel data and econometric methods to investigate the main anthropogenic factors that contribute to increasing PM2.5 concentrations in China at the prefecture level from 1999 to 2011. The results showed that PM2.5 concentrations and three anthropogenic factors were cointegrated. The panel Fully Modified Least Squares and panel Granger causality test results indicated that economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization increased PM2.5 concentrations in the long run. The results implied that if China persists in its current development pattern, economic growth, industrialization and urbanization will inevitably lead to increased PM2.5 emissions in the long term. Industrialization was the principal factor that affected PM2.5 concentrations for the total panel, the industry-oriented panel and the service-oriented panel. PM2.5 concentrations can be reduced at the cost of short-term economic growth and industrialization. However, reducing the urbanization level is not an efficient way to decrease PM2.5 pollutions in the short term. The findings also suggest that a rapid reduction of PM2.5 concentrations relying solely on adjusting these anthropogenic factors is difficult in a short-term for the heavily PM2.5-polluted panel. Moreover, the Chinese government will have to seek much broader policies that favor a decoupling of these coupling relationships.
DOI10.1021/acs.est.6b02562
WOS KeywordFINITE-SAMPLE PROPERTIES ; COINTEGRATED PANELS ; ENERGY-CONSUMPTION ; TESTS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNatural Science Foundation of China[41590842] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[41501175] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[71433008] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[41601151]
Funding OrganizationNatural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000386991100004
PublisherAMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation statistics
Cited Times:50[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/65650
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorFang, Chuanglin; Wang, Shaojian
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, 11A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Geog & Planning, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Urbanizat & Geosimulat, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Guangdong,Fang, Chuanglin,Wang, Shaojian,et al. The Effect of Economic Growth, Urbanization, and Industrialization on Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Concentrations in China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,2016,50(21):11452-11459.
APA Li, Guangdong,Fang, Chuanglin,Wang, Shaojian,&Sun, Siao.(2016).The Effect of Economic Growth, Urbanization, and Industrialization on Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Concentrations in China.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,50(21),11452-11459.
MLA Li, Guangdong,et al."The Effect of Economic Growth, Urbanization, and Industrialization on Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Concentrations in China".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 50.21(2016):11452-11459.
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