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Air Quality Strategies on Public Health and Health Equity in Europe-A Systematic Review
Wang, Li1; Zhong, Buqing2; Vardoulakis, Sotiris3; Zhang, Fengying4; Pilot, Eva1; Li, Yonghua5; Yang, Linsheng5; Wang, Wuyi5; Krafft, Thomas1
2016-12-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN1660-4601
Volume13Issue:12Pages:22
Corresponding AuthorKrafft, Thomas(thomas.krafft@maastrichtuniversity.nl)
AbstractAir pollution is an important public health problem in Europe and there is evidence that it exacerbates health inequities. This calls for effective strategies and targeted interventions. In this study, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies relating to air pollution control on public health and health equity in Europe. Three databases, Web of Science, PubMed, and Trials Register of Promoting Health Interventions (TRoPHI), were searched for scientific publications investigating the effectiveness of strategies on outdoor air pollution control, public health and health equity in Europe from 1995 to 2015. A total of 15 scientific papers were included in the review after screening 1626 articles. Four groups of strategy types, namely, general regulations on air quality control, road traffic related emission control interventions, energy generation related emission control interventions and greenhouse gas emission control interventions for climate change mitigation were identified. All of the strategies reviewed reported some improvement in air quality and subsequently in public health. The reduction of the air pollutant concentrations and the reported subsequent health benefits were more significant within the geographic areas affected by traffic related interventions. Among the various traffic related interventions, low emission zones appeared to be more effective in reducing ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter levels. Only few studies considered implications for health equity, three out of 15, and no consistent results were found indicating that these strategies could reduce health inequity associated with air pollution. Particulate matter (particularly fine particulate matter) and NO2 were the dominant outdoor air pollutants examined in the studies in Europe in recent years. Health benefits were gained either as a direct, intended objective or as a co-benefit from all of the strategies examined, but no consistent impact on health equity from the strategies was found. The strategy types aiming to control air pollution in Europe and the health impact assessment methodology were also discussed in this review.
Keywordair quality strategy assessment health health equity systematic review
DOI10.3390/ijerph13121196
WOS KeywordLOW-EMISSION ZONES ; LIFE EXPECTANCY ; SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS ; PARTICULATE MATTER ; TERM EXPOSURE ; UNITED-STATES ; POLLUTION ; MORTALITY ; COHORT ; IMPACT
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectEuropean Union[643398]
Funding OrganizationEuropean Union
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
WOS IDWOS:000389571900024
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/65629
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorKrafft, Thomas
Affiliation1.Maastricht Univ, Fac Hlth Med & Life Sci, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
2.Chinese Res Inst Environm Sci, State Key Lab Environm Criteria & Risk Assessment, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
3.Publ Hlth England, Environm Change Dept, Ctr Radiat Chem & Environm Hazards, London WC1E 7HT, England
4.China Natl Environm Monitoring Ctr, Dept Environm Qual Comprehens Assessment, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Li,Zhong, Buqing,Vardoulakis, Sotiris,et al. Air Quality Strategies on Public Health and Health Equity in Europe-A Systematic Review[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,2016,13(12):22.
APA Wang, Li.,Zhong, Buqing.,Vardoulakis, Sotiris.,Zhang, Fengying.,Pilot, Eva.,...&Krafft, Thomas.(2016).Air Quality Strategies on Public Health and Health Equity in Europe-A Systematic Review.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH,13(12),22.
MLA Wang, Li,et al."Air Quality Strategies on Public Health and Health Equity in Europe-A Systematic Review".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 13.12(2016):22.
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