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Culture Sustainability: Culture Quotient (CQ) and Its Quantitative Empirical Application to Chinese Cities
Lin, Jing1,2,3; Cai, Jianming1,2,3; Han, Yan1,2,3; Zhu, He1,2,3; Cheng, Zhe4
2016-12-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume8Issue:12Pages:12
Corresponding AuthorCai, Jianming(caijm@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractCulture sustainability is one of the indispensable components of sustainability. Culture has likely always been an important element for promoting urban and rural sustainable development. It is now playing an increasingly significant role in sparking and incubating innovation, which is becoming the main driver of economic growth and competitiveness. Unfortunately, little research has been conducted on how much culture matters to economic performance in a quantitative way. Therefore, in this paper, which is based on an intensive literature review, we try to specifically quantify the importance of culture to urban development in general and urban economic performance in particular, by proposing an index system dubbed as the Culture Quotient (CQ). Following this, an integrated database of 297 prefectural-level cities in China is accordingly established. By manipulating the database, the CQ value for each city is then calculated by using principal component analysis with SPSS (19.0). Afterwards, spatial pattern by CQ value tier is presented and illustrates urban China's "winner-take-all" phenomenon, with the predominance by the three giant urban clusters in the coastal area, i.e., the Jing (Beijing)-Jin (Tianjin)-Ji (Hebei province)-based Bohai rim region, Yangtze River delta, Pearl River delta, as well as some mega-cities such as Chengdu and Wuhan in other parts of China. More precisely, the regression analysis shows that there is a strong positive relationship between CQ and gross domestic product (GDP), with the striking result that every increase of one percentage point in CQ will induce a five percentage point increment in GDP. Although the finding makes an impressive and convincing case that culture does exert a great impact on urban economic development, and can also be measured in a quantitative way in Chinese cases, more cases from other countries need to be included for further verification and confirmation. We therefore urgently call for more in-depth international comparative studies both in theoretical and practical regards.
Keywordculture sustainability Culture Quotient (CQ) innovation urban competitiveness Chinese cities
DOI10.3390/su8121235
WOS KeywordFRAMEWORK ; CITY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[40971100] ; Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000389317100026
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/65464
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorCai, Jianming
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Sch Econ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lin, Jing,Cai, Jianming,Han, Yan,et al. Culture Sustainability: Culture Quotient (CQ) and Its Quantitative Empirical Application to Chinese Cities[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2016,8(12):12.
APA Lin, Jing,Cai, Jianming,Han, Yan,Zhu, He,&Cheng, Zhe.(2016).Culture Sustainability: Culture Quotient (CQ) and Its Quantitative Empirical Application to Chinese Cities.SUSTAINABILITY,8(12),12.
MLA Lin, Jing,et al."Culture Sustainability: Culture Quotient (CQ) and Its Quantitative Empirical Application to Chinese Cities".SUSTAINABILITY 8.12(2016):12.
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