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The influence of environmental variables on Punica granatum L. assemblages in subtropical dry temperate woodland in the district of Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Irshad, Muhammad1; Khan, Nasrullah1,2; Ali, Kishwar1; Muhammad, Zahid1
2016
Source PublicationTURKISH JOURNAL OF BOTANY
ISSN1300-008X
Volume40Issue:6Pages:610-622
Corresponding AuthorMuhammad, Zahid(zasa1989@gmail.com)
AbstractPunica granatum L. (Wild) is an important fruit-yielding species of the world and a source of income for people, particularly in the Hindukush-Himalayas of Pakistan. Considering its ecological and commercial importance, an attempt was made to provide a primary assessment of its compositional pattern with relation to environmental variables for ecologically unexplored Punica granatum forests located in a subtropical dry temperate zone using multivariate techniques. The vegetation data were collected from 40 Punica granatum forest stands along with the associated environmental data (12 variables) at different locations. Classification of the stands was carried out using Ward's agglomerative cluster analysis. In total, 20 tree species belonging to 13 families of 19 genera with 78 understories were surveyed. Finally, nonmetric multidimensional scaling ordination with associated Monte Carlo permutation tests was performed to explore the patterns of variation in vegetation distribution explained by the environmental variables. Four community types were identified in different altitudinal and microclimatic thickets that significantly varied in species composition. The soil physical properties, i.e. sand and clay, forming an amalgam with chemical properties, i.e. N+1 and K+1 concentrations, were the most influential variables responsible for distribution of Punica granatum and associated species and compositional variation in the subtropical dry temperate areas of Pakistan. The present study will help in the understanding of conservation and management of this ecologically and commercially important species and will provide baseline information for other forests species growing in the area.
KeywordPunica granatum natural forests fruit-yielding commercial importance classification and ordination species conservation and management
DOI10.3906/bot-1602-32
WOS KeywordNORTHERN PAKISTAN ; VEGETATION ; DYNAMICS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000390711200006
PublisherTUBITAK SCIENTIFIC & TECHNICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL TURKEY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/65414
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorMuhammad, Zahid
Affiliation1.Univ Malakand, Dept Bot, Plant Ecol Lab, Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunk, Pakistan
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Irshad, Muhammad,Khan, Nasrullah,Ali, Kishwar,et al. The influence of environmental variables on Punica granatum L. assemblages in subtropical dry temperate woodland in the district of Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan[J]. TURKISH JOURNAL OF BOTANY,2016,40(6):610-622.
APA Irshad, Muhammad,Khan, Nasrullah,Ali, Kishwar,&Muhammad, Zahid.(2016).The influence of environmental variables on Punica granatum L. assemblages in subtropical dry temperate woodland in the district of Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.TURKISH JOURNAL OF BOTANY,40(6),610-622.
MLA Irshad, Muhammad,et al."The influence of environmental variables on Punica granatum L. assemblages in subtropical dry temperate woodland in the district of Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan".TURKISH JOURNAL OF BOTANY 40.6(2016):610-622.
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