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Effects of Government Grassland Conservation Policy on Household Livelihoods and Dependence on Local Grasslands: Evidence from Inner Mongolia, China
Du, Bingzhen1,2; Zhen, Lin1; Yan, Huimin1; de Groot, Rudolf2
2016-12-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume8Issue:12Pages:18
Corresponding AuthorZhen, Lin(zhenl@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractGrassland degradation intensifies human-environment conflicts and adversely affects local residents' livelihoods. To reduce grassland degradation in Inner Mongolia, China, the government has enforced (since 1998) a series of grassland conservation and management policies that restrict the use of grasslands. To ease the impact on the residents' livelihoods, the national and regional governments have offered a series of top-down arrangements to stimulate sustainable use of the grasslands. Simultaneously, local households spontaneously developed bottom-up countermeasures. To determine the effects of these processes, we interviewed members of 135 households using a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods. We analyzed the effects on household dependence on local grasslands and on perceptions of the future of grassland use. Our findings show that the implementation of the grassland conservation policies significantly affected household livelihoods, which in turn affected household use of natural assets (primarily the land), their agricultural assets (farming and grazing activities) and their financial assets (income and consumption), resulting in fundamental transformation of their lifestyles. The households developed adaptation measures to account for the dependence of their livelihood on local ecosystems by initializing strategies, such as seeking off-farm work, leasing pasture land, increasing purchases of fodder for stall-fed animals and altering their diet and fuel consumption to compensate for their changing livelihoods.
Keywordlivelihood analysis dependence conservation policy grassland management
DOI10.3390/su8121314
WOS KeywordLAND CONVERSION PROGRAM ; NORTHERN CHINA ; RESPONSES ; STEPPE ; DIVERSIFICATION ; CONSUMPTION ; VEGETATION ; ECOSYSTEM ; PATTERNS ; TRENDS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41671517] ; National key Research and Development Program[2016YFC0503700] ; National Key Project for Basic Research (973)[2014CB954302] ; Technical Support Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China[2013BAC03B04]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National key Research and Development Program ; National Key Project for Basic Research (973) ; Technical Support Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000393315100037
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64954
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhen, Lin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, 11A,Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Wageningen & Res Ctr, Environm Syst Anal Grp, NL-6700 WB Wageningen, Netherlands
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du, Bingzhen,Zhen, Lin,Yan, Huimin,et al. Effects of Government Grassland Conservation Policy on Household Livelihoods and Dependence on Local Grasslands: Evidence from Inner Mongolia, China[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2016,8(12):18.
APA Du, Bingzhen,Zhen, Lin,Yan, Huimin,&de Groot, Rudolf.(2016).Effects of Government Grassland Conservation Policy on Household Livelihoods and Dependence on Local Grasslands: Evidence from Inner Mongolia, China.SUSTAINABILITY,8(12),18.
MLA Du, Bingzhen,et al."Effects of Government Grassland Conservation Policy on Household Livelihoods and Dependence on Local Grasslands: Evidence from Inner Mongolia, China".SUSTAINABILITY 8.12(2016):18.
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