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Public perception and responses to environmental pollution and health risks: evaluation and implication from a national survey in China
Chen, Yi1,2; Zhang, Zhao1,2; Shi, Peijun1,2; Song, Xiao1,2; Wang, Pin1,2; Wei, Xing1,2; Tao, Fulu3
2017
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF RISK RESEARCH
ISSN1366-9877
Volume20Issue:3Pages:347-365
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Zhao(zhangzhao@bnu.edu.cn)
AbstractConcerns have been raised among policy-makers, researchers and Chinese citizens regarding the widespread environmental degradation that has occurred in China in recent decades. Years of environmental education and media coverage on pollution harm and health risks have not only provided information about pollution to the public, but have also strengthened people's concerns. However, an intense focus' on pollution is far from sufficient; at present, it is necessary to assess to what extent the public can identify specific environmental conditions and whether they are ready to cope with potential health risks from pollution. Through face-to-face surveys on trains and at railway stations nationwide, we investigated public experiences of environmental pollution accidents, perceptions of local environmental risks (focused on air and water quality) and responses to local environmental conditions. By comparing public perceptions with official environmental monitoring data-sets, we concluded that the accuracy of perceptions related to four environmental factors ranged from 40 to 60% at the individual scale. Furthermore, the accuracies increased approximately 2-10% at the county scale and 10-30% at the city scale, highlighting the possible benefits of collective intelligence in helping the public to identify existing environment conditions more accurately. Additionally, despite great concerns about pollution and health, public attitudes toward coping with the dangers of pollution and health risks were found to be indifferent. Our study revealed factors at the individual, social and governmental levels that led to low levels of perception accuracy and response scores. Thereout, we stressed potential pathways to improve the accuracy of public perception and the positivity of responses. The survey results indicate that there is a long way to go before the public is well prepared to cope with the risks of pollution; as a consequence, it is necessary to improve both personal environmental awareness as well as governmental, social and commercial responses to pollution events.
Keywordenvironmental risk perception national survey public responses in China
DOI10.1080/13669877.2015.1057199
WOS KeywordAIR-POLLUTION ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; QUALITY ; WILLINGNESS ; EXPERIENCE ; FRAMEWORK ; ATTITUDES ; AWARENESS ; GENDER ; INCOME
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Basic Research Program of China[2012CB955404] ; Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities[B08008] ; Integrated Risk Governance Project by Ministry of Science and Technology of China[2013DFG20710]
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China ; Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities ; Integrated Risk Governance Project by Ministry of Science and Technology of China
WOS Research AreaSocial Sciences - Other Topics
WOS SubjectSocial Sciences, Interdisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000393801500003
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64946
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Zhao
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Earth Surface Proc & Resource, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Acad Disaster Reduct & Emergency Management, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Yi,Zhang, Zhao,Shi, Peijun,et al. Public perception and responses to environmental pollution and health risks: evaluation and implication from a national survey in China[J]. JOURNAL OF RISK RESEARCH,2017,20(3):347-365.
APA Chen, Yi.,Zhang, Zhao.,Shi, Peijun.,Song, Xiao.,Wang, Pin.,...&Tao, Fulu.(2017).Public perception and responses to environmental pollution and health risks: evaluation and implication from a national survey in China.JOURNAL OF RISK RESEARCH,20(3),347-365.
MLA Chen, Yi,et al."Public perception and responses to environmental pollution and health risks: evaluation and implication from a national survey in China".JOURNAL OF RISK RESEARCH 20.3(2017):347-365.
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