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Persistent organic pollutants in China's surface water systems
Han, Dongmei1; Currell, Matthew J.2
2017-02-15
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
Volume580Pages:602-625
Corresponding AuthorHan, Dongmei(handm@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractFollowing recent rapid industrialization, China is now one of the largest producers and consumers of organic chemicals in the world. This is compounded by variable regulatory oversight with respect to storage, use and waste management of these chemicals and their byproducts. This review synthesizes the data on the distribution of selected persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in waters in China. Surface water heavily polluted with POPs is distributed in the Yangtze River Estuary, Pearl River Delta, Minjiang River Estuary, Jiulongjiang Estuary, Daya Bay, Taihu Lake, and the waterways of Zhejiang Province, where concentrations of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) frequently exceed both international and Chinese guideline values. These areas are mainly distributed along the southeast coast of China, within or downstream of major manufacturing districts, intensive agricultural basins, and other industrial centers. A comparison of the levels of OCPs in the aquatic environment of China with other indicative regions worldwide shows comparable levels of pollution (overall range from below detection limit (BDL) to 5104.8 ng/L and regional means from 2.9-929.6 ng/L). PAHs and PCBs pollution appear to be particularly serious in China (PAHs overall ranging from BDL to 474,000 ng/L with regional means from 15.1-72,400 ng/L; PCBs from BDL to 3161 ng/L with regional means ranging from 0.2-985.2 ng/L). There is as yet limited evidence of serious perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) pollution. We discuss major sources and processes responsible for high POP occurrence using a range of measures (including diagnostic ratios of different compounds), regulatory oversight and policy gaps in the control of POPs in China, and potential long-term health and ecological effects. We argue that water quality guidelines, pollution control measures and cleanup strategies for POPs in China should be urgently improved. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordPersistent organic pollutants China Surface water system Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.007
WOS KeywordPOLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES OCPS ; PEARL RIVER DELTA ; PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE CONCENTRATIONS ; PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES PFASS ; POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS PCBS ; SUSPENDED PARTICULATE MATTER ; SEDIMENT QUALITY GUIDELINES ; PERFLUORINATED COMPOUNDS ; SOUTH CHINA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41371057] ; Zhu Kezhen Outstanding Young Scholars Program of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences[2015RC102] ; Outstanding Member Award of the Youth Innovation Promotion Association (CAS)
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Zhu Kezhen Outstanding Young Scholars Program of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Outstanding Member Award of the Youth Innovation Promotion Association (CAS)
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000395353600060
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64800
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHan, Dongmei
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Proc, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.RMIT Univ, Sch Engn, Melbourne, Vic 3001, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Han, Dongmei,Currell, Matthew J.. Persistent organic pollutants in China's surface water systems[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2017,580:602-625.
APA Han, Dongmei,&Currell, Matthew J..(2017).Persistent organic pollutants in China's surface water systems.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,580,602-625.
MLA Han, Dongmei,et al."Persistent organic pollutants in China's surface water systems".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 580(2017):602-625.
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