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Spatial Variability and Ecological Effects of Anthropogenic Activities in a Nature Reserve: A Case Study in the Baijitan National Nature Reserve, China
Song, Xiaoyang1; Huang, Yaohuan2,3; Fu, Jingying2,3; Jiang, Dong2,3; Tian, Guangjin4
2017-02-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume9Issue:2Pages:14
Corresponding AuthorJiang, Dong(jiangd@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractNature reserves play an essential role in protecting natural resources and maintaining an ecological balance. However, certain nature reserves are increasingly disturbed by human activities in the form of settlements, roads, farmland, etc. How to monitor the status of nature reserves by using remote sensing methods has been a focus of scholars for a long time. In this study, remote sensing satellite images from 2009 and 2014 were used to extract and analyze the distribution of anthropogenic activities, such as agriculture, industry, residency, traffic, and other human activities. On this basis, the Nature Reserve Human Interference (NRHI) and landscape indices (LI) were calculated to describe the intensity of anthropogenic disturbance; in addition, the slope and aspect were analyzed to describe the regularity in the distribution of anthropogenic activities. The results showed that more than 90% of the anthropogenic activity occurred in the experimental and buffer zones. Likewise, the NRHI increased from 0.0901 in 2009 to 0.1127 in 2014. The NRHI was proportional to the patch density (PD), landscape shape index (LSI), landscape division index (DIVISION), Shannon's diversity index (SHDI), and Shannons evenness index (SHEI), and it was inversely proportional to the contagion index (CONTAG). Moreover, 84.54% of the anthropogenic activity occurred in a range from 0 to 3.6 degrees, and 14.43% of the activity occurred in a range from 3.6 to 7.2 degrees. More than 60% of the anthropogenic activity occurred on sunny slopes because of the human adaptability to the environment and the possibility for humans to fulfill their physical needs (warmth and comfort). Thus, the monitoring of this nature reserve needs to be further strengthened and focused on the area with a range of 0-7.2 degrees and on the sunny slopes.
Keywordanthropogenic activity landscape indices (LI) Nature Reserve Human Interference (NRHI) slope aspect
DOI10.3390/su9020239
WOS KeywordLAND-COVER CHANGE ; PROTECTED AREAS ; LANDSCAPE PATTERN ; FRAGMENTATION ; IMPACT ; SHRINKAGE ; PLAIN
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41571509] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFC0401404] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-ZS-2016-6-1]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000395590500081
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64774
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorJiang, Dong
Affiliation1.China Univ Min & Technol, Coll Geosci & Surveying Engn, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Govt, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Song, Xiaoyang,Huang, Yaohuan,Fu, Jingying,et al. Spatial Variability and Ecological Effects of Anthropogenic Activities in a Nature Reserve: A Case Study in the Baijitan National Nature Reserve, China[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2017,9(2):14.
APA Song, Xiaoyang,Huang, Yaohuan,Fu, Jingying,Jiang, Dong,&Tian, Guangjin.(2017).Spatial Variability and Ecological Effects of Anthropogenic Activities in a Nature Reserve: A Case Study in the Baijitan National Nature Reserve, China.SUSTAINABILITY,9(2),14.
MLA Song, Xiaoyang,et al."Spatial Variability and Ecological Effects of Anthropogenic Activities in a Nature Reserve: A Case Study in the Baijitan National Nature Reserve, China".SUSTAINABILITY 9.2(2017):14.
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