IGSNRR OpenIR
Off-farm employment and agricultural specialization in China
Wang, Xiaobing1,2; Huang, Jikun1,2; Rozelle, Scott3
2017-02-01
Source PublicationCHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW
ISSN1043-951X
Volume42Pages:155-165
Corresponding AuthorHuang, Jikun(jkhuang.ccap@pku.edu.cn)
AbstractWhile it is well known that China's off farm labor market is emerging rapidly, less is known about the effect of movement off the farm on the farming practices of those that have continued to farm. The overall goal of this paper is to analyze the effects of changes in China's off farm employment on one aspect of the performance of China's agricultural sector: the emergence of specialization in farming. To achieve this goal, we have three specific objectives. First, we document the changes in the flow of labor out of China's villages. Second, we examine how specialization in farming has changed over time. Third, we examine the association between off farm labor flows and specialization. Using panel data from a national representative data collected by the authors between 1999 and 2008, the analysis finds that off farm employment is indeed rising rapidly. At the same time, specialization is occurring off and on the farm. There is a strong and robust correlation between off farm employment and on farm specialization. The results imply that China's agriculture has responded dynamically to the modernization happening elsewhere in the economy. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
KeywordOff-farm employment Specialization China
DOI10.1016/j.chieco.2016.09.004
WOS KeywordLABOR-MARKETS ; REFORMS ; DEMAND ; FUTURE ; MODELS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Sciences of China[71373255] ; National Natural Sciences of China[71333013] ; Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences[2012RC102] ; Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences[KSZD-EW-Z-021-1] ; Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y02015004]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Sciences of China ; Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaBusiness & Economics
WOS SubjectEconomics
WOS IDWOS:000394631600010
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64748
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHuang, Jikun
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Sch Adv Agr Sci, China Ctr Agr Policy, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Ctr Chinese Agr Policy, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
3.Stanford Univ, Freeman Spogli Inst, Ctr Food Secur & Environm, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Xiaobing,Huang, Jikun,Rozelle, Scott. Off-farm employment and agricultural specialization in China[J]. CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW,2017,42:155-165.
APA Wang, Xiaobing,Huang, Jikun,&Rozelle, Scott.(2017).Off-farm employment and agricultural specialization in China.CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW,42,155-165.
MLA Wang, Xiaobing,et al."Off-farm employment and agricultural specialization in China".CHINA ECONOMIC REVIEW 42(2017):155-165.
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