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Risk forewarning of regional development sustainability based on a natural resources and environmental carrying index in China
Fan, Jie1,2,3; Wang, Yafei1,2,3; Ouyang, Zhiyun4; Li, Lijuan2; Xu, Yong1,2; Zhang, Wenzhong1,2; Wang, Chuansheng1,2; Xu, Weihua4; Li, Jiuyi2; Yu, Jianhui1,2; Zhou, Kan1,2
2017-02-01
Source PublicationEARTHS FUTURE
ISSN2328-4277
Volume5Issue:2Pages:196-213
Corresponding AuthorFan, Jie(fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractIt is a matter of public consensus that China's high growth rate has been achieved at the expense of natural resources and the environment, leading to serious risks to sustainability. This research, which proposes a theoretical model to forewarn of risks to regional developmental sustainability in China, constitutes the first empirical evaluation of this to be undertaken there. The results show that: ( a) the areas at risk cover almost 43% of the land and 44% of the population of mainland China. In those areas, 83.56% of people at risk are threatened by the low carrying capacity of the environment and limited water resources. (b) With 70% of the total population living in "at risk" areas, urbanization zones remain as the primary category suffering from overload across China. Extensive industrialization has resulted in environmental pollution, which contributes the most to the forewarning status, while the secondary cause is found to be the special coupling of the scarcity of natural water resources and their inefficient use. In addition, most urban conglomerations suffer from pollution by industrial production and household consumption, which tends to extend to their surrounding agricultural areas. Extensive mineral exploitation in ecologically fragile areas has made them increasingly more vulnerable to disturbances from their neighboring resource-driven urban areas. The paper uses these findings to suggest how to intensify the special regulatory administration of resources and the environment, and to transform approaches to industrialization, in order to address sustainable development issues in developing countries.
DOI10.1002/2016EF000490
WOS KeywordECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT ; FOOD SECURITY ; CAPACITY ; WORLD ; CONSERVATION ; INDICATORS ; CHALLENGES ; EMISSIONS ; POLLUTION ; IMPACTS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectKey Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China[41630644] ; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[KZCX2-YW-321]
Funding OrganizationKey Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000396932200006
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64734
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorFan, Jie
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, State Key Lab Urban & Reg Ecol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fan, Jie,Wang, Yafei,Ouyang, Zhiyun,et al. Risk forewarning of regional development sustainability based on a natural resources and environmental carrying index in China[J]. EARTHS FUTURE,2017,5(2):196-213.
APA Fan, Jie.,Wang, Yafei.,Ouyang, Zhiyun.,Li, Lijuan.,Xu, Yong.,...&Zhou, Kan.(2017).Risk forewarning of regional development sustainability based on a natural resources and environmental carrying index in China.EARTHS FUTURE,5(2),196-213.
MLA Fan, Jie,et al."Risk forewarning of regional development sustainability based on a natural resources and environmental carrying index in China".EARTHS FUTURE 5.2(2017):196-213.
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