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Ecosystem Services and Ecological Restoration in the Northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau, China, in Relation to Climate Fluctuation and Investments in Natural Capital
Wei, Hejie1,2; Fan, Weiguo1,2; Ding, Zhenyu3; Weng, Boqi4; Xing, Kaixiong5; Wang, Xuechao1,2; Lu, Nachuan1,2,7; Ulgiati, Sergio6; Dong, Xiaobin1,2,7
2017-02-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume9Issue:2Pages:20
Corresponding AuthorLu, Nachuan(201521190007@mail.bnu.edu.cn)
AbstractAccurately identifying the spatiotemporal variations and driving factors of ecosystem services (ES) in ecological restoration is important for ecosystem management and the sustainability of nature conservation strategies. As the Green for Grain project proceeds, food provision, water regulation and climate regulation services in the Northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau (NSLP) are changing and have caused broad attention. In this study, the dynamic pattern of the normalized differential vegetation index (NDVI) and the main drivers of grain production (GP), water yield (WY) and net primary production (NPP) in the NSLP from 2000-2013 are identified by incorporating multiple data and methods, in order to provide a better understanding of how and why ES change during ecological restoration. WY was simulated by hydrological modeling, and NPP was estimated with the Carnegie Ames Stanford Approach (CASA) model. The results show that vegetation restoration continued from 2000-2013, but fluctuated because of the comprehensive influence of climate and human activity. GP and NPP both exhibited significantly increasing trends, while changes in WY occurred in two stages: decline (2000-2006) and growth (2007-2013). Spatially, significantly increasing trends in NPP and WY were detected in 52.73% and 24.76% of the region, respectively, in areas that correspond with the Green for Grain project and high precipitation growth. Correlation and partial correlation analyses show that there were different dominant factors (i.e., natural vs. anthropogenic) driving ES change in the NSLP from 2000-2013. The change in WY was mainly driven by precipitation, while the improvements in GP and NPP can be attributed to investments in natural capital (i.e., chemical fertilizer, agricultural machinery power and afforestation). We also found that vegetation restoration can produce positive effects on NPP, but negative effects on WY by using response analyses of WY or NPP change to NDVI change, demonstrating that additional research on the role of water in vegetation restoration is needed. Our results provide support for ES management and the sustainable development of ecological restoration in the NSLP.
Keywordvegetation restoration grain production water yield net primary production Loess Plateau
DOI10.3390/su9020199
WOS KeywordVEGETATION RESTORATION ; GREEN PROGRAM ; EVAPOTRANSPIRATION PRODUCTS ; SPATIOTEMPORAL VARIATIONS ; CARBON SEQUESTRATION ; USE EFFICIENCY ; TIME-SERIES ; HILLY AREA ; GRAIN ; VARIABILITY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41271549] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41671531] ; Key Project of the National Societal Science Foundation of China[15ZDB163] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[2014KJJCB33] ; China S&T Supporting Project[2012BAD14B03]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Project of the National Societal Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; China S&T Supporting Project
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000395590500041
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64708
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLu, Nachuan
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, State Key Lab Earth Surface Processes & Resource, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, Coll Resources Sci & Technol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Environm Planning, Dept Environm Engn, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
4.Fujian Acad Agr Sci, Fuzhou 350003, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Parthenope Univ Naples, Dept Sci & Technol, Ctr Direzionale Isola C4, I-80143 Naples, Italy
7.Beijing Normal Univ, Joint Ctr Global change & China Green Dev, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wei, Hejie,Fan, Weiguo,Ding, Zhenyu,et al. Ecosystem Services and Ecological Restoration in the Northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau, China, in Relation to Climate Fluctuation and Investments in Natural Capital[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2017,9(2):20.
APA Wei, Hejie.,Fan, Weiguo.,Ding, Zhenyu.,Weng, Boqi.,Xing, Kaixiong.,...&Dong, Xiaobin.(2017).Ecosystem Services and Ecological Restoration in the Northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau, China, in Relation to Climate Fluctuation and Investments in Natural Capital.SUSTAINABILITY,9(2),20.
MLA Wei, Hejie,et al."Ecosystem Services and Ecological Restoration in the Northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau, China, in Relation to Climate Fluctuation and Investments in Natural Capital".SUSTAINABILITY 9.2(2017):20.
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