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Exploring the differential impacts of urban transit system on the spatial distribution of local and floating population in Beijing
Zhao Meifeng1; Liu Shenghe2,3; Qi Wei2
2017-06-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume27Issue:6Pages:731-751
Corresponding AuthorLiu Shenghe(liush@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractThe floating population has become the main driver of urban population excessive growth in China's mega cities. Urban transit system (UTS) is a significant factor in population spatial distributions within urban areas, especially rapid and high-capacity transit systems. This paper analyzes the causal effects of the extension of expressways and subways between 2000 and 2010 in the Beijing Metropolitan Area (BMA), focusing on the group differences between the local residents and the floating population. Due to the endogeneity of transportation improvements and population growth, Instrumental Variable (IV) regression model is applied to avoid this problem. The results show the local residents increased in the inner suburbs but decreased in the city center, while the floating population increased in the majority areas. IV regression results show that the extension of urban transit systems had statistically significant impacts on population growth across the BMA. The results also show that the extension of urban subway system had more effects on the floating population than the local residents across the BMA. It is mainly caused by the rather low fare of urban subway system. This implies that the excessive subsidy on urban subway system could result in excessive floating population growth and residential differentiation, even residential segregation. Hence, it is necessary to plan and design reasonable and scientific urban transit systems in order to advance reasonable population size and promote residential integration. Moreover, the regional analysis shows that the effects of urban transportation improvements on the local residents are not statistically significant in the inner suburbs. It implies that urban transportation improvements had limited effects on inducing people to move to suburban areas and controlling center city's population in Beijing. Therefore, it should be stressed the differentiated effects of urban transportation improvements on population distribution in the process of urban planning and population control.
Keywordurban transit systems (UTS) population spatial distribution causal effects group differences Beijing
DOI10.1007/s11442-017-1403-7
WOS KeywordLAND-USE ; TRANSPORT ; SUBURBANIZATION ; ACCESSIBILITY ; EXPRESSWAY ; SETTLEMENT ; SHANGHAI ; DENSITY ; AREAS ; CHINA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectKey Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China[41230632] ; Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China[71433008] ; Doctoral Project of Tianjin Normal University[52XB1621]
Funding OrganizationKey Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Doctoral Project of Tianjin Normal University
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000398212600006
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64674
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu Shenghe
Affiliation1.Tianjin Normal Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Tianjin 300387, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 1000, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao Meifeng,Liu Shenghe,Qi Wei. Exploring the differential impacts of urban transit system on the spatial distribution of local and floating population in Beijing[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2017,27(6):731-751.
APA Zhao Meifeng,Liu Shenghe,&Qi Wei.(2017).Exploring the differential impacts of urban transit system on the spatial distribution of local and floating population in Beijing.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,27(6),731-751.
MLA Zhao Meifeng,et al."Exploring the differential impacts of urban transit system on the spatial distribution of local and floating population in Beijing".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 27.6(2017):731-751.
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