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Global pattern of the international fossil fuel trade: The evolution of communities
Zhong, Weigiong1,2; An, Haizhong3,4,5; Shen, Lei6; Dai, Tao1,2; Fang, Wei3,4,5; Gao, Xiangyun3,4,5; Dong, Di3,4,5
2017-03-15
Source PublicationENERGY
ISSN0360-5442
Volume123Pages:260-270
Corresponding AuthorAn, Haizhong(ahz369@163.com)
AbstractIn the international trade of fossil fuel, countries are clustering into communities. The evolution of the communities can reflect the underlying trade pattern. This paper provides a new perspective in analyzing the global pattern of international fossil fuel trade by quantitatively analyze the evolution of the communities. Emergy transformity are used to unify the three different fuels into the same unit seJ. This paper creates network models of fossil fuel as well as coal, crude oil, and natural gas and detected the clustering of the countries by an algorithm. Three types of Normalized Mutual Information are designed to measure characteristics of the evolution of the communities. A matrix is also designed to show the flows between each two communities. This study finds that the natural gas trade network is the most partitioned and the most stable. In 2013, natural gas exceeded crude oil had the highest similarity with the integrated fossil fuel trade pattern. 2012 was a turning point. The trade blocs and organizations play important roles. However, their effects are limited. The geographical factor is reinforced and the roles of the USA and Russia are becoming more important. Clusters containing Asia Pacific countries are less stable. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordFossil fuel International trade Communities Complex network Emergy
DOI10.1016/j.energy.2017.02.033
WOS KeywordCRUDE-OIL TRADE ; NETWORK ANALYSIS ; NATURAL-GAS ; TRANSFORMITY ; MODEL
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71173199] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities[2-9-2015-303] ; Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources[CCA2016.10] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602802] ; China Geological Survey, Ministry of Land and Resources[121201103000150112] ; China Geological Survey, Ministry of Land and Resources[12120115057601] ; China Geological Survey, Ministry of Land and Resources[121201103000150015]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; China Geological Survey, Ministry of Land and Resources
WOS Research AreaThermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS SubjectThermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS IDWOS:000399510900022
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/64572
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorAn, Haizhong
Affiliation1.CAGS, Inst Mineral Resources, MLR Key Lab Metallogeny & Mineral Assessment, Beijing 100037, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Geol Sci, Res Ctr Strategy Global Mineral Resources, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.China Univ Geosci, Sch Humanities & Econ Management, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Minist Land & Resources, Key Lab Carrying Capac Assessment Resource & Envi, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Minist Land & Resources, Open Lab Talents Evaluat, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhong, Weigiong,An, Haizhong,Shen, Lei,et al. Global pattern of the international fossil fuel trade: The evolution of communities[J]. ENERGY,2017,123:260-270.
APA Zhong, Weigiong.,An, Haizhong.,Shen, Lei.,Dai, Tao.,Fang, Wei.,...&Dong, Di.(2017).Global pattern of the international fossil fuel trade: The evolution of communities.ENERGY,123,260-270.
MLA Zhong, Weigiong,et al."Global pattern of the international fossil fuel trade: The evolution of communities".ENERGY 123(2017):260-270.
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