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Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies
Liu, Yansui1,2,3; Liu, Jilai3; Zhou, Yang1,2,3
2017-05-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES
ISSN0743-0167
Volume52Pages:66-75
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Yang(zhouyang@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractPoverty is a challenge facing all countries and the international community as a whole. Promoting development, narrowing the rural-urban gap, eliminating poverty and achieving common prosperity are all ideals that humanity constantly pursues. Despite the great achievements have been made in poverty alleviation over the past three decades, the extent of poverty in rural China is still high. It is both necessary and urgent to fully understand the root and status quo of China's poverty and establish a scientific poverty relief system. Based on high resolution poverty data, this study systematically examined the status quo and spatial distribution characteristics of poverty in rural China and its driving mechanism. The results showed that the distribution of the Chinese rural poor exhibits a distinct spatial agglomeration feature. Poverty is mainly concentrated in the remote deep rocky mountainous areas, border areas and minority areas of central and western China and gradually gathers towards the southwestern region. The "islanding effect" may well appear in China's poverty-stricken regions in the future. The proportion of poor people in the northwestern and southeastern regions of the Hu Huanyong line was 16.4% and 83.6%, respectively, indicating the uneven distribution of the rural poor. Furthermore, further investigations indicated that suffering from illness is the greatest contributor to current individual or transient poverty in rural China. The lack of natural endowments, poor geographic conditions and fragile ecological environment are the main driving forces behind persistent poverty. Ultimately, we proposed that China implement a scientific, differentiated, sustainable, targeted and problem-oriented poverty alleviation strategy that can lift the country's rural poor population out of poverty by 2020 as scheduled. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordSpatio-temporal pattern of rural poverty Targeted poverty alleviation Exploratory spatial data analysis Rural transformation development China
DOI10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.04.002
WOS KeywordMULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY ; POLICY IMPLICATIONS ; PERSISTENT POVERTY ; TRANSIENT POVERTY ; DEVELOPMENT GOALS ; DEVELOPING-WORLD ; VULNERABILITY ; INEQUALITY ; GROWTH ; PEOPLE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectMajor Program of National Social Foundation of China[15ZDA021] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41601172] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41471143] ; Certificate of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Grant[2016M591105]
Funding OrganizationMajor Program of National Social Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Certificate of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Grant
WOS Research AreaGeography ; Public Administration
WOS SubjectGeography ; Planning & Development
WOS IDWOS:000403630200007
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/63565
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Yang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Assessment & Res Targeted Poverty Alleviat, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Resources Sci & Technol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Yansui,Liu, Jilai,Zhou, Yang. Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies[J]. JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES,2017,52:66-75.
APA Liu, Yansui,Liu, Jilai,&Zhou, Yang.(2017).Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies.JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES,52,66-75.
MLA Liu, Yansui,et al."Spatio-temporal patterns of rural poverty in China and targeted poverty alleviation strategies".JOURNAL OF RURAL STUDIES 52(2017):66-75.
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