Rural Solid Waste Management in China: Status, Problems and Challenges
Wang, Aiqin1,2,3; Zhang, Linxiu4; Shi, Yaojiang2; Rozelle, Scott5; Osborn, Annie5; Yang, Meredith5
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
Corresponding AuthorShi, Yaojiang(shiyaojiang7@gmail.com)
AbstractThis paper seeks to describe the overall state of Rural Solid Waste Management (RSWM) in China in three main areas: waste collection services, waste transportation services and waste disposal services. Given China's urbanization, industrialization, and the subsequent improvement of household living standards, the amount of solid waste generated in rural China has increased rapidly. Based on primary data collected in 2016 from 100 villages across five provinces in China, we find that the proportion of villages with waste collection, waste transportation, and waste disposal services in 2015 is 80%, 55% and 22%, respectively. The differences in shares of villages with these services across provinces are statistically significant. Using descriptive and econometric analyses, the authors show that richer villages are more likely to provide rural solid waste (RSW) collection and transportation services. Villages with new (newly elected or appointed) village leaders are more likely to supply RSW disposal services. While the majority of villages report that they offer waste collection services (installing waste collection facilities and employing waste collection workers), the vast majority of villages do not transport their waste to treatment plants. Even fewer villages report using centralized disposal methods to dispose of waste, as required by law or regulation. This study represents the first effort to describe the state and determinants of waste management services in rural China in the wake of increased investment in and new policies regarding RSWM released in 2015. Additionally, we provide evidence-based suggestions that might be useful for policy makers interested in improving RSWM in China. These suggestions include increasing investments in waste collection facilities and worker services; encouraging local residents to classify and recycle waste; designing optimal waste transportation networks and routes; and improving on-site waste disposal technology.
Keywordrural solid waste management regulation determinants policy suggestions China
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[71333012] ; 111 Project[B16031]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; 111 Project
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000402090300029
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorShi, Yaojiang
Affiliation1.Northwest Univ Xian, Sch Econ & Management, Xian 710127, Peoples R China
2.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Ctr Expt Econ Educ, Xian 710119, Peoples R China
3.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Econ & Finance, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Ctr Chinese Agr Policy, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Stanford Univ, Freeman Spogli Inst Int Studies, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Aiqin,Zhang, Linxiu,Shi, Yaojiang,et al. Rural Solid Waste Management in China: Status, Problems and Challenges[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2017,9(4):18.
APA Wang, Aiqin,Zhang, Linxiu,Shi, Yaojiang,Rozelle, Scott,Osborn, Annie,&Yang, Meredith.(2017).Rural Solid Waste Management in China: Status, Problems and Challenges.SUSTAINABILITY,9(4),18.
MLA Wang, Aiqin,et al."Rural Solid Waste Management in China: Status, Problems and Challenges".SUSTAINABILITY 9.4(2017):18.
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