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Spatial structure, inequality and trading community of renewable energy networks: A comparative study of solar and hydro energy product trades
Fu, Xin1,2; Yang, Yu1,3; Dong, Wen1,4; Wang, Changjian5; Liu, Yi1,3
2017-07-01
Source PublicationENERGY POLICY
ISSN0301-4215
Volume106Pages:22-31
Corresponding AuthorYang, Yu(yangyu@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Dong, Wen(gucaswen@sina.com)
AbstractRenewable energy trade is booming and has formed complicated networks worldwide. However, our knowledge of the spatial structures and evolution of these networks is limited. In this paper, network analyses are used to examine the geographic characteristics of selected renewable energy trades and their evolution based on the United Nations COMTRADE Database from 1988 to 2013. The results show that the networks are expanding to include more and more countries and relationships, and scale of the networks is larger than ever. A tripartite confrontational renewable energy trading system has been forming and is strengthening. Europe, the USA, China and other Asian countries are the main players, and China has overtaken the USA and Europe as the leading player. Inequality and 'small-world' characteristics appear in renewable energy trade. Solar energy trade presents a triadic community structure with Europe, the USA and China as the dominant players, while hydro energy trade presents a smaller and more dispersed structure. The core periphery structure strongly suggests a trade dependency between hubs and peripheral elements in renewable energy trade. Developing countries should design appropriate incentives and contribute to particular segments in renewable energy value chain to accelerate and benefit from the South South renewable energy trade.
KeywordRenewable energy Complex network analysis Inequality Community structure
DOI10.1016/j.enpol.2017.03.038
WOS KeywordINTERNATIONAL-TRADE ; ECONOMIC-GROWTH ; GLOBALIZATION ; CONSUMPTION ; TECHNOLOGY ; SECURITY ; DYNAMICS ; POLICY ; CHINA ; CO2
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602800] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41401132] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41371141] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41430636] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41401178]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEnergy & Fuels ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnergy & Fuels ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000402343600003
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/63476
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYang, Yu; Dong, Wen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Changan Univ, Coll Econ & Management, Xian 710064, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Inst Ecol & Geog, Urumqi 830011, Xinjiang, Peoples R China
5.Guangzhou Inst Geog, Guangdong Open Lab Geospatial Informat Technol &, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Fu, Xin,Yang, Yu,Dong, Wen,et al. Spatial structure, inequality and trading community of renewable energy networks: A comparative study of solar and hydro energy product trades[J]. ENERGY POLICY,2017,106:22-31.
APA Fu, Xin,Yang, Yu,Dong, Wen,Wang, Changjian,&Liu, Yi.(2017).Spatial structure, inequality and trading community of renewable energy networks: A comparative study of solar and hydro energy product trades.ENERGY POLICY,106,22-31.
MLA Fu, Xin,et al."Spatial structure, inequality and trading community of renewable energy networks: A comparative study of solar and hydro energy product trades".ENERGY POLICY 106(2017):22-31.
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