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Spatial and Temporal Variations in the Ecological Footprints in Northwest China from 2005 to 2014
Yin, Yunhe1; Han, Xiang1,2; Wu, Shaohong1,2
2017-04-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume9Issue:4Pages:15
Corresponding AuthorYin, Yunhe(yinyh@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractGlobal change is becoming increasingly evident, and human activities are also causing severe damage to natural resources and the environment. Therefore, it is increasingly important to study regional sustainability in order to guide human decisions and actions. The ecological footprint is a useful indicator with which to quantify the pressures imposed by humans on natural resources and regional capacities for sustainable development. This paper analyzed the variations in the ecological footprints and capacity for regional development of five provinces in Northwest China in 2005-2014, based on the Wackernagel ecological footprint method, using the standard measurement of the national hectare. The ecological footprints of the five provinces were quite different, mainly because of the differences in arable land and fossil energy resources. The average ecological footprint in Shanxi was relatively high over the study period, at 22,549.86 thousand NHA, which had the greatest demand for natural resources, whereas that of Qinghai was relatively low, at 4163.20 thousand NHA. The ecological footprint in Northwest China increased from 57,770.19 thousand NHA in 2005 to 96,501.66 thousand NHA in 2014, predominantly attributed to the growth of the fossil energy ecological footprint (coal accounted for 72.88%, crude oil accounted for 14.97%, and coke accounted for 6.67%). The changes in the ecological footprint per 10,000 CNY gross domestic product, the ecological footprint diversity index, and the development capacity index in the study period revealed an increase in the comprehensive development capacity in this region, which should improve the regional capacity for sustainable development, but the stability of the eco-economic systems in Shanxi, Ningxia, and Xinjiang require improvement. This analysis provides the reference information for the construction of an ecologically viable civilization in Northwest China and the scientific foundation for the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative.
Keywordecological footprint Northwest China national hectare spatial and temporal variations sustainable development
DOI10.3390/su9040597
WOS KeywordBIOLOGICAL CAPACITY ; GLOBAL CHANGE ; PROVINCE ; SUSTAINABILITY ; PERSPECTIVE ; DYNAMICS ; ACCOUNTS ; RIVER
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectKey Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China[41530749] ; Cultivate Project of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS[TSYJS03]
Funding OrganizationKey Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Cultivate Project of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000402090300119
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/63408
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorYin, Yunhe
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yin, Yunhe,Han, Xiang,Wu, Shaohong. Spatial and Temporal Variations in the Ecological Footprints in Northwest China from 2005 to 2014[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2017,9(4):15.
APA Yin, Yunhe,Han, Xiang,&Wu, Shaohong.(2017).Spatial and Temporal Variations in the Ecological Footprints in Northwest China from 2005 to 2014.SUSTAINABILITY,9(4),15.
MLA Yin, Yunhe,et al."Spatial and Temporal Variations in the Ecological Footprints in Northwest China from 2005 to 2014".SUSTAINABILITY 9.4(2017):15.
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