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Sea Reclamation Status of Countries around the South China Sea from 1975 to 2010
Zhang, Junjue1,2,3,4; Su, Fenzhen1,3; Ding, Zhi1,2,3,4
2017-06-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume9Issue:6Pages:15
Corresponding AuthorSu, Fenzhen(sufz@lreis.ac.cn)
AbstractAs a way of turning sea into land for living space for humans, the actions of sea reclamation bring about significant benefits. Nevertheless, it is also an under-recognized threat to the environment and the marine ecosystem. Based on images in two periods, sea reclamation information of countries around the South China Sea was extracted from 1975 to 2010. The spatial state and driven forces of sea reclamation are then discussed. Results show that the overall strength of sea reclamation in the South China Sea was great. New reclaimed land added up to 3264 km(2). Sea reclamation for fish farming was the main reclamation type and widely distributed in the whole area, especially on the coast from the Pearl River Delta to the Red River Delta, and the coast of Ca Mau Peninsula. Sea reclamation in China and Vietnam was rather significant, which occupies 80.6% of the total reclamation area. Singapore had the highest level of sea reclamation. New reclaimed land for fish farming holds a key role in China, Vietnam, and Indonesia, while new reclaimed land for construction and docks dominated in Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei. Areas and use-type compositions of new reclaimed land in countries varied greatly due to the differences of economic factors, policy inclination, and landscapes in the respective countries.
Keywordsea reclamation South China Sea land use landscape
DOI10.3390/su9060878
WOS KeywordLAND RECLAMATION ; COASTAL ZONE ; MALAYSIA ; MANAGEMENT ; INDONESIA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation of China[41421001]
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000404133200009
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/63022
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorSu, Fenzhen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Collaborat Innovat Ctr South China Sea Studies, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Junjue,Su, Fenzhen,Ding, Zhi. Sea Reclamation Status of Countries around the South China Sea from 1975 to 2010[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2017,9(6):15.
APA Zhang, Junjue,Su, Fenzhen,&Ding, Zhi.(2017).Sea Reclamation Status of Countries around the South China Sea from 1975 to 2010.SUSTAINABILITY,9(6),15.
MLA Zhang, Junjue,et al."Sea Reclamation Status of Countries around the South China Sea from 1975 to 2010".SUSTAINABILITY 9.6(2017):15.
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