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Climate change, migration, and regional administrative reform: A case study of Xinjiang in the middle Qing Dynasty (1760-1884)
Li, YanPeng1,2; Ge, QuanSheng1; Wang, HuanJiong1; Tao, ZeXing1,2
2017-07-01
Source PublicationSCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES
ISSN1674-7313
Volume60Issue:7Pages:1328-1337
Corresponding AuthorGe, QuanSheng(geqs@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractBased on historical records of extreme climate events and population densities in Gansu and Shaanxi, and information on climate change, populations, new cultivated cropland, and administrative system reform in Xinjiang, this study explores the interaction between climate change, migration, and regional administrative reform in the middle Qing Dynasty. The results showed that the surge in population migration from Gansu and Shaanxi to Xinjiang during 1760-1820 was caused by extreme climate events (droughts and floods) and population pressure in Gansu and Shaanxi. During 1760-1880, the climate in Xinjiang was unusually cold and humid, which was highly conducive to abundant regional water resources. This provided favorable conditions for farmland irrigation and further promoted agricultural cultivation, population growth, and town development within this region. Additionally, the interactions between climate change and the above-mentioned social factors, which acted as driving forces, spurred the reform in the administrative system of Xinjiang whereby the military administration system was transformed to a province administration system. Through this reform, the Qing government managed to restore peace and stability in Xinjiang. This study contributes to a better understanding of climate-related population migration and enhances our knowledge of the impact-response chain between climate change, ancient social developments, and political coping strategies, especially in regional administrative reform.
KeywordClimate change Migration Cultivation Regional administrative reform Xinjiang Qing Dynasty
DOI10.1007/s11430-016-9034-9
WOS KeywordEVENTS ; CHINA ; REFUGEES
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectKey Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[ZDRW-ZS-2016-6] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602704]
Funding OrganizationKey Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Program of China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000406020600010
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/62718
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorGe, QuanSheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, YanPeng,Ge, QuanSheng,Wang, HuanJiong,et al. Climate change, migration, and regional administrative reform: A case study of Xinjiang in the middle Qing Dynasty (1760-1884)[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2017,60(7):1328-1337.
APA Li, YanPeng,Ge, QuanSheng,Wang, HuanJiong,&Tao, ZeXing.(2017).Climate change, migration, and regional administrative reform: A case study of Xinjiang in the middle Qing Dynasty (1760-1884).SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,60(7),1328-1337.
MLA Li, YanPeng,et al."Climate change, migration, and regional administrative reform: A case study of Xinjiang in the middle Qing Dynasty (1760-1884)".SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES 60.7(2017):1328-1337.
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