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Elaborating the History of Our Cementing Societies: An in-Use Stock Perspective
Cao, Zhi1,2,3; Shen, Lei1,2; Lovik, Amund N.4; Mueller, Daniel B.5; Liu, Gang3
2017-10-03
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN0013-936X
Volume51Issue:19Pages:11468-11475
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Gang(gli@kbm.sdu.dk)
AbstractModern cities and societies are built fundamentally based on cement and concrete. The global cement production has risen sharply in the past decades due largely to urbanization and construction. Here we deployed a top-down dynamic material flow analysis (MFA) model to quantify the historical development of cement in-use stocks in residential, nonresidential, and civil engineering sectors of all world countries. We found that global cement production spreads unevenly among 184 countries, with China dominating the global production and consumption after the 1990s. Nearly all countries have shown an increasing trend of per capita cement in-use stock in the past century. The present per capita cement in-use stocks vary from 10 to 40 tonnes in major industrialized and transiting countries and are below 10 tonnes in developing countries. Evolutionary modes identified from historical patterns suggest that per capita in-use cement stock growth generally complies with an S-shape curve and relates closely to affluence and urbanization of a country, but more in-depth and bottom-up investigations are needed to better understand socioeconomic drivers behind stock growth. These identified in-use stock patterns can help us better estimate future demand of cement, explore strategies for emissions reduction in the cement industry, and inform CO2 uptake potentials of cement based products and infrastructure in service.
DOI10.1021/acs.est.7b03077
WOS KeywordMATERIAL FLOW-ANALYSIS ; CARBON EMISSIONS ; MATERIALS DEMAND ; STEEL CYCLE ; CHINA ; INFRASTRUCTURE ; CONSTRUCTION ; DEMOLITION ; CONCRETE ; INDUSTRY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectDanish Council for Independent Research[6111-00555B] ; Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation (International Network Programme)[5132-00029B] ; Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation (International Network Programme)[6144-00036] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA05010400] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41728002] ; Chinese Geological Survey[121201103000150015]
Funding OrganizationDanish Council for Independent Research ; Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation (International Network Programme) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Chinese Geological Survey
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000412716500060
PublisherAMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/62412
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Gang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, IGSNRR, 11A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Chem Engn Biotechnol & Environm Technol, SDU Life Cycle Engn, DK-5230 Odense, Denmark
4.Empa, Swiss Fed Labs Mat Sci & Technol, CH-9014 St Gallen, Switzerland
5.Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Ind Ecol Programme, N-7191 Trondheim, Norway
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cao, Zhi,Shen, Lei,Lovik, Amund N.,et al. Elaborating the History of Our Cementing Societies: An in-Use Stock Perspective[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,2017,51(19):11468-11475.
APA Cao, Zhi,Shen, Lei,Lovik, Amund N.,Mueller, Daniel B.,&Liu, Gang.(2017).Elaborating the History of Our Cementing Societies: An in-Use Stock Perspective.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,51(19),11468-11475.
MLA Cao, Zhi,et al."Elaborating the History of Our Cementing Societies: An in-Use Stock Perspective".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 51.19(2017):11468-11475.
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