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The heritage and cultural values of ancient Chinese maps
Jiang Lili1,2; Liang Qizhang2; Qi Qingwen1,2; Ye Yanjun3; Liang Xun2
2017-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1009-637X
Volume27Issue:12Pages:1521-1540
Corresponding AuthorQi Qingwen(qiqw@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractAncient Chinese cartography dates back to the Western Jin Dynasty in the third century. Cartography was initiated during this period by Pei Xiu, a minister and cartographic expert, who suggested six principles of cartography. Pei Xiu, who is known as the father of Chinese cartography, oversaw the completion of the "Yu Gong Regional Maps", along with 18 articles and the "Terrain Fangzhang Map" (AD 224-271). This led to a number of subsequent cartographic initiatives including the "Wooden Fangzhang Map" (an administrative map) which was completed by Xie Zhuang, a minister during the Southern Dynasties (AD 502-557), "Haineihuayi Tu" (Map of China and its neighbouring countries) (AD 730-805), drawn by Jia Dan, a cartographer of the Tang Dynasty, and "Shouling Tu" (an administrative map, AD 1031-1095), drawn by Shen Kuo, a scientist during the Northern Song Dynasty. Throughout the 16th century, ancient Chinese cartography developed continuously and cumulatively, and formed the specific characteristics of China ancient cartography. Although Western latitude- based and longitude-based mapping techniques introduced to China in AD 1460, the theories and methods of Chinese and Western mapping systems co-existed for over 400 years. The cultural heritage of Chinese cartography can be seen in many famous ancient Chinese maps, including astronomical figures and atlases (world, Chinese, regional, military, water conservancy, historical, and educational maps), charts, and maps of scenic spots. These have hitherto been kept in well-known archives and institutions across the world. They form an important part of the global cultural heritage of ancient maps and cartography. Given their high cultural value, these maps remain an important point of study. This paper provides a preliminary discussion on the rarity, application, and the historical, scientific, and artistic value of ancient Chinese maps.
Keywordancient map historical cartography map heritage ancient cultural maps
DOI10.1007/s11442-017-1450-0
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41101447] ; Basic Science-technological Special Working: Compilation of the National Atlases of the People's Republic of China (New Century Version)[2013FY112800] ; Ministry of Science and Technology, China[2012FY120200]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Basic Science-technological Special Working: Compilation of the National Atlases of the People's Republic of China (New Century Version) ; Ministry of Science and Technology, China
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000411879600006
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/62017
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorQi Qingwen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Hebei Univ Engn, Sch Earth Sci & Engn, Handan 056038, Hebei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jiang Lili,Liang Qizhang,Qi Qingwen,et al. The heritage and cultural values of ancient Chinese maps[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2017,27(12):1521-1540.
APA Jiang Lili,Liang Qizhang,Qi Qingwen,Ye Yanjun,&Liang Xun.(2017).The heritage and cultural values of ancient Chinese maps.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,27(12),1521-1540.
MLA Jiang Lili,et al."The heritage and cultural values of ancient Chinese maps".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 27.12(2017):1521-1540.
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