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Global water transfers embodied in Mainland China's foreign trade: Production- and consumption-based perspectives
Han, Mengyao1,2,4; Dunford, Michael1,3; Chen, Guoqian4; Liu, Weidong1,2; Li, Yilin4,5; Liu, Siyuan6
2017-09-10
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
ISSN0959-6526
Volume161Pages:188-199
Corresponding AuthorChen, Guoqian(gqchen@pku.edu.cn)
AbstractWater resources are embodied in global trade. Although China is the largest water withdrawal economy in the world, 50% of its direct water withdrawal is embodied in Chinese imports and exports. Due to an increasing division of activities between different production units, economies such as Mainland China mainly import intermediate products for further processing and then export final goods to other economies. Overall, Mainland China is a net embodied water supplier not only in final consumption based trade relations but also in intermediate production-based ones. China's total per capita water use is much lower than the global average, but yet China exports embodied water through trade activities. Pakistan, Myanmar and India are China's largest embodied water suppliers, and Hong Kong, the United States and Japan are its largest net recipients. The main water exporting sectors in Mainland China are Electrical and Machinery (Sector 9) and Textiles and Wearing Apparel (Sector 5) respectively, and the main importing sector is Agriculture (Sector 1) with imports coming mainly from Myanmar, Pakistan, the United States and North Korea. This analysis of China's global embodied water transfers can inform policies to increase China's water use efficiency and can be generated to build embodied water budgets for a systematic allocation of water resources on the globe especially from the production- and consumption-based perspectives. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordEmbodied water Water transfers Globalization China Input-output analysis
DOI10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.05.024
WOS KeywordINPUT-OUTPUT-ANALYSIS ; VIRTUAL WATER ; WORLD-ECONOMY ; LAND-USE ; FOOTPRINT ASSESSMENT ; INTERNATIONAL-TRADE ; ENERGY-CONSUMPTION ; CARBON EMISSIONS ; URBAN METABOLISM ; BEIJING ECONOMY
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602800] ; National Science and Technology Support Program of China[2013BAJ13B03] ; Initiative Research Program[Y6V60213YZ]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science and Technology Support Program of China ; Initiative Research Program
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000407655400016
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:19[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/61500
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorChen, Guoqian
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sussex, Sch Global Studies, Brighton BN1 9RH, E Sussex, England
4.Peking Univ, Lab Syst Ecol & Sustainabil Sci, Coll Engn, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.North China Elect Power Univ, Dept Power Engn, Baoding 071003, Hebei, Peoples R China
6.Yanshan Univ, Coll Mech Engn, Qinhuangdao 066004, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Han, Mengyao,Dunford, Michael,Chen, Guoqian,et al. Global water transfers embodied in Mainland China's foreign trade: Production- and consumption-based perspectives[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2017,161:188-199.
APA Han, Mengyao,Dunford, Michael,Chen, Guoqian,Liu, Weidong,Li, Yilin,&Liu, Siyuan.(2017).Global water transfers embodied in Mainland China's foreign trade: Production- and consumption-based perspectives.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,161,188-199.
MLA Han, Mengyao,et al."Global water transfers embodied in Mainland China's foreign trade: Production- and consumption-based perspectives".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 161(2017):188-199.
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