IGSNRR OpenIR
Urban villages as transfer stations for dengue fever epidemic: A case study in the Guangzhou, China
Ren, Hongyan1; Wu, Wei1,2; Li, Tiegang3; Yang, Zhicong3
2019-04-01
Source PublicationPLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES
ISSN1935-2735
Volume13Issue:4Pages:17
Corresponding AuthorRen, Hongyan(renhy@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Yang, Zhicong(yangzc@gzcdc.org.cn)
AbstractBackground Numerous urban villages (UVs) and frequent infectious disease outbreaks are major environmental and public health concerns in highly urbanized regions, especially in developing countries. However, the spatial and quantitative associations between UVs and infections remain little understood on a fine scale. Methodology and principal findings In this study, the relationships between reported dengue fever (DF) epidemics during 2012-2017, gross domestic product (GDP), the traffic system (road density, bus and/or subway stations), and UVs derived from high-resolution remotely sensed imagery in the central area of Guangzhou, were explored using geographically weighted regression (GWR) models based on a 1 km x 1 km grid scale. Accounting for 16.53%-18.07% of residential area and 16.84%-18.02% of population, UVs possessed 28.55%-38.24% of total reported DF cases in the core area of Guangzhou. The density of DF cases and the DF incidence rates in UVs were 1.81-3.13 and 1.82-3.06 times of that of normal construction land. Approximately 90% of the total cases were concentrated in the UVs and their buffering zones of radius ranged from 0 to 500 m. Significantly positive associations were observed between gridded DF incidence rates and UV area (r = 0.33, P = 0.000), the number of bus stops (r = 0.49, P = 0.000) and subway stations (r = 0.27, P = 0.000), and road density (r = 0.39, P = 0.000). About 60% of spatial variations in the gridded DF incidence rates were interpreted by the different variables of GDP, UVs, and bus stops integrated in GWR models. Conclusions UVs likely acted as special transfer stations, receiving and/or exporting DF cases during epidemics. This work increases our understanding of the influences of UVs on vector-borne diseases in highly urbanized areas, supplying valuable clues to local authorities making targeted interventions for the prevention and control of DF epidemics. Author summary Due to the rapid urbanization of China, many villages in the urban fringe are enveloped by ever-expanding cities and become so-called urban villages (UVs). UVs are widely distributed in not only the Guangzhou core areas but also the other cities in the highly urbanized region of China (e.g., Shenzhen, Wuhan). UVs are commonly featured by poor sanitation, overcrowding population, absent infrastructure, and some environmental pollution due to the development is neither authorized nor planned, resulting in a high environmental suitability for some vectors (e.g., Aedes albopictus), as well as the vetor-borne diseases (i.e., dengue fever) in these regions. In this study, we demonstrated that UVs may serve as transfer stations for the transmission of DF epidemic in the regions with developed transportation, higher GDP and dense population. This is manifested as that the rates of DF incidences were significantly positively associated with UV area. Furthermore, the density of DF cases and the DF incidence rates in UVs were 1.81-3.13 and 1.82-3.06 times of that of normal construction land and about 90% of the total DF cases were concentrated in 500m radius of UVs' buffers. And the aggregation effects of UVs on this epidemic in the central region were obviously affected by public traffic conditions at the grid level. This study is the first quantitative analysis of the spatial relationship between UVs, public transportation, road density, population density, GDP and DF epidemics, which will provide a useful reference for accurately preventing and controlling DF epidemic in urban regions with numerous UVs.
DOI10.1371/journal.pntd.0007350
WOS KeywordSPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION ; SUITABILITY ; PATTERNS ; TRENDS ; BRAZIL
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41571158] ; National key research and development program[2016YFC1201305-03] ; state key laboratory of resources and environment information systems, independent innovation project[O8R8B6A0YA]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National key research and development program ; state key laboratory of resources and environment information systems, independent innovation project
WOS Research AreaInfectious Diseases ; Parasitology ; Tropical Medicine
WOS SubjectInfectious Diseases ; Parasitology ; Tropical Medicine
WOS IDWOS:000466742100056
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/59822
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorRen, Hongyan; Yang, Zhicong
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Fujian Normal Univ, Coll Geog Sci, Fuzhou, Fujian, Peoples R China
3.Guangzhou Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Dept Infect Dis, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ren, Hongyan,Wu, Wei,Li, Tiegang,et al. Urban villages as transfer stations for dengue fever epidemic: A case study in the Guangzhou, China[J]. PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES,2019,13(4):17.
APA Ren, Hongyan,Wu, Wei,Li, Tiegang,&Yang, Zhicong.(2019).Urban villages as transfer stations for dengue fever epidemic: A case study in the Guangzhou, China.PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES,13(4),17.
MLA Ren, Hongyan,et al."Urban villages as transfer stations for dengue fever epidemic: A case study in the Guangzhou, China".PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES 13.4(2019):17.
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