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The Spatial Evolution of Geoeconomic Pattern among China and Neighboring Countries since the Reform and Opening-Up
Liang, Yi1,2; Chen, Mingxing1,2; Lu, Dadao1; Ding, Zijin1; Zheng, Zhi1,2
2019-04-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume11Issue:7Pages:17
Corresponding AuthorChen, Mingxing(chenmx@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractThe rise of China has had a profound impact on the world and regional political and economic pattern since the reform and opening-up. This paper studies the impact of China's development on the evolution of the surrounding geo-pattern from the perspective of geoeconomics. Based on the sensitivity and vulnerability of asymmetric interdependence, trade and investment indicators are selected to construct a quantitative model to measure the relative economic dependence between China and neighboring countries. This paper analyzes the degree, types and trends of relative economic dependence and the relationship between economic interdependence and political relations, and investigates the surrounding geoeconomic cooperation. The results are shown as follows: (1) Since 2010, all neighboring countries have had relative economic dependence on China. China's geoeconomic position in the surrounding area has radically transformed. (2) Since the reform and opening-up, the relative economic dependence of neighboring countries on China has been rising, from negative to positive and from low to high. After 2003, the types of relative economic dependence have gradually shifted from dual low and trade-compensative dependence to dual high and trade-oriented dependence. (3) Trade was the dominant factor in the relative economic dependence of most neighboring countries on China, and it was also the main factor contributing to China's economic advantages over great powers in the neighborhood. The majority of neighboring countries' investment dependence on China increased faster than their trade dependence, and the growth of their relative economic dependence will gradually turn to investment in the future. (4) The improvement of political relations between China and neighboring countries provides a foundation for the development of economic relations, and economic relations have the inertia of resisting political risks. The deepening of economic ties is conducive to friendly and stable political relations. (5) China's peripheral geoeconomic strategy focuses on cooperation rather than competition. One of the goals of geoeconomics is the pursuit of joint economic benefits.
Keywordgeoeconomics economic interdependence pattern and evolution China
DOI10.3390/su11072168
WOS KeywordFOREIGN-POLICY ; GEOPOLITICS ; GEOGRAPHIES
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41530634] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41822104]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000466551600345
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/59495
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorChen, Mingxing
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liang, Yi,Chen, Mingxing,Lu, Dadao,et al. The Spatial Evolution of Geoeconomic Pattern among China and Neighboring Countries since the Reform and Opening-Up[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2019,11(7):17.
APA Liang, Yi,Chen, Mingxing,Lu, Dadao,Ding, Zijin,&Zheng, Zhi.(2019).The Spatial Evolution of Geoeconomic Pattern among China and Neighboring Countries since the Reform and Opening-Up.SUSTAINABILITY,11(7),17.
MLA Liang, Yi,et al."The Spatial Evolution of Geoeconomic Pattern among China and Neighboring Countries since the Reform and Opening-Up".SUSTAINABILITY 11.7(2019):17.
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