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How transnational labor migration affects upland land use practices in the receiving country: Findings from the China-Myanmar borderland
Hua, Xiaobo1; Kono, Yasuyuki2; Zhang, Le3; Xu, Erqi4; Luo, Renshan5
2019-05-01
Source PublicationLAND USE POLICY
ISSN0264-8377
Volume84Pages:163-176
Corresponding AuthorHua, Xiaobo(huaxiaobo1988@gmail.com)
AbstractThis paper examines the effects of transnational labor migration from Myanmar (Burma) on upland land use practices on the Chinese side of the China-Myanmar borderland, particularly in the context of out-migration and the aging of the local labor force. The study is based on a combined framework, with economic and geopolitical dimensions, and using in-depth fieldwork. The findings are as follows: (1) The increase of available labor from Myanmar, as a substitution for and supplementation of the outgoing local labor force that is migrating to China's cities, helps local villagers cultivate crops, thus influencing smallholder land use. (2) This inward migration from Myanmar to China is long-term (rather than only being seasonal), based on the year-round nature and demands of China's farming activities. (3) Due to the in-migration of labor from Myanmar, local villagers will flexibly adapt to planting cash crops that provide stable market prices. Such practices may delay the marginalization of farmland use. We argue that agricultural intensification can be achieved in the upland of the China-Myanmar borderland in the context of out- and in-migration. Smallholders can obtain profits from agricultural activities by hiring Burmese laborers, which helps to avoid a land abandonment scenario. This paper contributes to the existing body of literature on agrarian changes and rethinks agricultural growth in the upland rural society.
KeywordBorderland Labor migration Agricultural intensification Land use change Livelihood transition Yunnan
DOI10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.012
WOS KeywordMOUNTAINOUS AREAS ; INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION ; SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE ; OUT-MIGRATION ; ABANDONMENT ; MODEL ; PLANTATIONS ; EXPANSION ; DRIVERS ; VILLAGE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectJapan Science Society[29-123] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41601095] ; Explorer Program from Center for On-site Education and Research (COSER), Kyoto University
Funding OrganizationJapan Science Society ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Explorer Program from Center for On-site Education and Research (COSER), Kyoto University
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000465365000016
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/59405
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHua, Xiaobo
Affiliation1.Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Asian & African Area Studies, Kyoto 6068501, Japan
2.Kyoto Univ, Ctr Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto 6068501, Japan
3.Jiangxi Normal Univ, Sch Geog & Environm, Nanchang 330022, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Dehong Inst Trop Agr Sci Yunnan Prov, Ruili 678600, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hua, Xiaobo,Kono, Yasuyuki,Zhang, Le,et al. How transnational labor migration affects upland land use practices in the receiving country: Findings from the China-Myanmar borderland[J]. LAND USE POLICY,2019,84:163-176.
APA Hua, Xiaobo,Kono, Yasuyuki,Zhang, Le,Xu, Erqi,&Luo, Renshan.(2019).How transnational labor migration affects upland land use practices in the receiving country: Findings from the China-Myanmar borderland.LAND USE POLICY,84,163-176.
MLA Hua, Xiaobo,et al."How transnational labor migration affects upland land use practices in the receiving country: Findings from the China-Myanmar borderland".LAND USE POLICY 84(2019):163-176.
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