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Life cycle inventories of the commonly used materials for lithium-ion batteries in China
Yin, Renshu1,3; Hu, Shuhan2; Yang, Yang3
2019-08-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
ISSN0959-6526
Volume227Pages:960-971
Corresponding AuthorHu, Shuhan(hush@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractWith the fast growing of the electric vehicle (EV) market and soaring production of the EV lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) in China, more and more life cycle assessment (LCA) studies has been focused on their impacts towards resources, energy and environment in recent years. As the indispensable background data, the life cycle inventories (LCIs) of the cradle-to-gate stage of the commonly used materials for the production of LiBs play an important role in the related LCA studies, since their accuracy and reliability can affect the results and conclusions greatly. However, LCIs of the LiB materials produced in China are in scarcity nowadays, which has become an obstacle for the further understanding of the eco-performances of EVs and LiBs. In this study, a general unit-process model was established firstly, and then a variety of foreground data were collected from the representative manufacturers of LiB materials in China. With a sequential calculation procedure carried out step by step, the targeted LCIs of the materials were obtained, along with the corresponding 95% confidential intervals through Monte-Carlo simulations. According to the inventories analysis, it was found that among the materials studied, the polyethylene separator made by wet drawing process, lithium hexafluorophosphate, carbon nanotubes, lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide and nickel cobalt aluminum are with relatively higher primary energy demands and greenhouse gas emissions in their cradle-to-gate stage. Besides, among the cathode materials studied, lithium iron phosphate consumes the lowest non renewable mineral resources. In addition, through a comparison with GREET, we found that the energy consumptions and greenhouse gas emissions of the LiB materials in this study are significantly higher than that drawn from GREET. This will lead to 62-91% more greenhouse gas emissions from materials made in China than those in the United States in order to produce LiB cells of the same capacity. However, it was also found the discrepancies may be stemmed from many difference in the processes of modeling and data acquisition between this study and the supportive studies for GREET. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordLife cycle inventory Lithium-ion batteries Energy demand Greenhouse gas emissions
DOI10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.04.186
WOS KeywordEMISSIONS ; IMPACT
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19040102] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41771566] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[7117302] ; Industrial Support Program of Hunan Province[2015GK3011]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Industrial Support Program of Hunan Province
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGreen & Sustainable Science & Technology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000470939600085
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/58963
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorHu, Shuhan
Affiliation1.Hunan Univ Arts & Sci, Int Coll, Changde 415000, Hunan, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Hunan Univ, State Key Lab Adv Design & Mfg Vehicle Body, Changsha 410082, Hunan, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yin, Renshu,Hu, Shuhan,Yang, Yang. Life cycle inventories of the commonly used materials for lithium-ion batteries in China[J]. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,2019,227:960-971.
APA Yin, Renshu,Hu, Shuhan,&Yang, Yang.(2019).Life cycle inventories of the commonly used materials for lithium-ion batteries in China.JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION,227,960-971.
MLA Yin, Renshu,et al."Life cycle inventories of the commonly used materials for lithium-ion batteries in China".JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION 227(2019):960-971.
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