Assessing China's human-environment relationship
Yang Yu1,2; Li Xiaoyun1,2; Dong Wen3; Poon, P. H. Jessie4; Hong Hui5; He Ze1,2; Liu Yi1,2
Corresponding AuthorLi Xiaoyun(lixy.15b@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Poon, P. H. Jessie(jesspoon@bufflo.edu)
AbstractChina's coupled human-environment system (CHES) is assessed here via a systems schema that emphasizes the complex interactions of components and their attributes. In addition to the human and environment components, we identified two other components to evaluate the relationship. The four components are human activity intensity, resource carrying capacity, ecological constraints and system's openness. Based on their interactions, we derived a cognitive schema for classifying the level of strain or stress of an area. The analysis draws on 11 indicators and 29 sub-indicators including remote sensing data and statistical data that are used to estimate the four components. The findings indicate that human activities are highly intense in a few geographical areas, particularly large urban systems and trade and investment zones on the eastern coastal areas. Nonetheless, these areas are also well-endowed in water resources and fertile soils although urban systems are increasingly stressed from negative pollution externalities. They are also open systems which allow them to bear a higher level of pressure and adjust accordingly. Desertification and soil erosion point to relatively fragile biophysical systems in the west and southwest, but human activities are still relatively less intense compared to their coastal counterparts. As a whole, only 14% of areas may be said to be relatively or highly strained. This however belies another one-third of areas that are currently unstable, and likely to become strained and thereby vulnerable in the near future.
Keywordcoupled human-environment relationship systems human activity intensity resource-carrying capacity ecological constraint openness China
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41430636] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571159]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaPhysical Geography
WOS SubjectGeography, Physical
WOS IDWOS:000471642300002
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorLi Xiaoyun; Poon, P. H. Jessie
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Reg Sustainable Dev Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Acad Div, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
4.SUNY Buffalo, Dept Geog, Buffalo, NY 14261 USA
5.China Int Engn Consulting Corp, Beijing 100048, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang Yu,Li Xiaoyun,Dong Wen,et al. Assessing China's human-environment relationship[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,2019,29(8):1261-1282.
APA Yang Yu.,Li Xiaoyun.,Dong Wen.,Poon, P. H. Jessie.,Hong Hui.,...&Liu Yi.(2019).Assessing China's human-environment relationship.JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES,29(8),1261-1282.
MLA Yang Yu,et al."Assessing China's human-environment relationship".JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES 29.8(2019):1261-1282.
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