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Health burdens of ambient PM2 .5 pollution across Chinese cities during 2006-2015
Zhu, Ge1; Hu, Wenhao2,3; Liu, Yifan1; Cao, Jing2; Ma, Zongwei1; Deng, Yu4; Sabel, Clive E.5; Wang, Haikun1
2019-08-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISSN0301-4797
Volume243Pages:250-256
Corresponding AuthorWang, Haikun(wanghk@nju.edu.cn)
AbstractWith frequent severe haze and smog episodes in Chinese cities, an increasing number of studies have focused on estimating the impact of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on public health. However, the current use of national and provincial demographic data might mask regional differences and lead to inaccurate estimations of pollution-related health impacts across cities. We applied the Global Burden of Disease methodology to develop a dataset of premature deaths attributed to ambient PM2.5 in 129 Chinese cities in 2006, 2010 and 2015, based on the information of baseline mortality rates and population densities at the city level. Our results suggested that ambient PM2.5 pollution led to 631,230 (95% confidence interval: 281,460-873,800) premature deaths in those cities in 2015, which was similar to that in 2010, but 42.8% higher than that in 2006. The reduction of premature deaths was not as obvious as the improvement in air quality in recent years, primarily owing to the aging Chinese population. For large and medium/small cities, the effects of PM2.5 abatement on alleviating public health burdens were lower than those for megalopolises and metropolises; however, such large and medium/small cities are at risk of increasing future PM2.5 pollution levels due to rapid development. Significant differences in PM2.5-induced premature deaths indicated the need for specific policies to mitigate the health burden of air pollution in different types of Chinese cities.
KeywordAmbient air pollution PM2.5 Premature deaths Aging population City
DOI10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.04.119
WOS KeywordPARTICULATE AIR-POLLUTION ; MATTER-RELATED MORTALITY ; PREMATURE MORTALITY ; GLOBAL BURDEN ; SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS ; FINE PARTICLES ; TERM EXPOSURE ; DISEASE ; RISK ; REGIONS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[91644220] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41371528]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000471089300024
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/58744
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Haikun
Affiliation1.Nanjing Univ, Sch Environm, State Key Lab Pollut Control & Resource Reuse, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Tsinghua Univ, Sch Econ & Management, Beijing 100087, Peoples R China
3.Capital Univ Econ & Business, Sch Econ, Beijing 100070, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Aarhus Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Aarhus, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Ge,Hu, Wenhao,Liu, Yifan,et al. Health burdens of ambient PM2 .5 pollution across Chinese cities during 2006-2015[J]. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,2019,243:250-256.
APA Zhu, Ge.,Hu, Wenhao.,Liu, Yifan.,Cao, Jing.,Ma, Zongwei.,...&Wang, Haikun.(2019).Health burdens of ambient PM2 .5 pollution across Chinese cities during 2006-2015.JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,243,250-256.
MLA Zhu, Ge,et al."Health burdens of ambient PM2 .5 pollution across Chinese cities during 2006-2015".JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 243(2019):250-256.
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