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Decreased temporary turnover of bacterial communities along soil depth gradient during a 35-year grazing exclusion period in a semiarid grassland
Zhang, Chao1,2; Li, Jing3; Wang, Jie1; Liu, Guobin1,2; Wang, Guoliang1; Guo, Liang1; Peng, Shouzhang1
2019-10-01
Source PublicationGEODERMA
ISSN0016-7061
Volume351Pages:49-58
Corresponding AuthorPeng, Shouzhang(szp@nwafu.edu.cn)
AbstractThe activity and composition of soil microbial communities during natural restoration have been widely studied, but their succession rates and metabolic functions remain unknown, especially with respect to soil depth. Here, we examined a chronosequence of grasslands that were subjected to grazing exclusion for 0, 10, 15, 25, and 35 years (y) on the semiarid Chinese Loess Plateau, and we investigated the succession rate and the metabolic functions of microbial communities at different soil layers (0-10, 10-20, 20-40, and 40-60 cm). Microbial succession rates represented by temporary turnover were assessed using the slope of linear regressions, based on log-transformed microbial community similarity over time. Metagenome functional content was predicted from the sequence data using PICRUSt. Most soil physicochemical properties, microbial biomass, enzyme activity, bacterial diversity, and carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism increased as a result of grazing exclusion but decreased as a function of soil depth. Bacterial communities showed a transition from fast-growing copiotrophic taxa (Proteobacteria) to slow-growing oligotrophic taxa (Actinobacteria) with soil depth. Notably, a higher temporary turnover rate of bacterial communities in the topsoil than in the subsoil layer indicated a decreased successional rate of bacterial communities along the soil depth profile. Nitrospirae had the highest succession rate, followed by Gemmatimonadetes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes, Variance partitioning and redundancy analysis demonstrated that soil physico-chemical properties had a greater effect on bacterial composition and metabolic functions than plant characteristics (aboveground and root biomasses), and that soil C and N levels and bulk density were the most influential factors. Our study indicated a positive effect of long-term grazing exclusion on the activities, diversity, and functions of the microbial community, and revealed a decreasing successional rate of bacterial communities with soil depth.
KeywordGrazing exclusion Bacterial diversity Temporal turnover Metabolic function, soil depth
DOI10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.05.010
WOS KeywordMICROBIAL COMMUNITIES ; ARCHAEAL COMMUNITIES ; ENZYME-ACTIVITIES ; PLANT DIVERSITY ; ORGANIC-CARBON ; LOESS PLATEAU ; N CYCLE ; SUCCESSION ; FERTILIZATION ; BIOMASS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41771554] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFC0501707]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China
WOS Research AreaAgriculture
WOS SubjectSoil Science
WOS IDWOS:000474495700005
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/58473
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorPeng, Shouzhang
Affiliation1.Northwest A&F Univ, State Key Lab Soil Eros & Dryland Farming Loess P, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci & Minist Water Resources, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Northwest A&F Univ, Coll Forestry, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Chao,Li, Jing,Wang, Jie,et al. Decreased temporary turnover of bacterial communities along soil depth gradient during a 35-year grazing exclusion period in a semiarid grassland[J]. GEODERMA,2019,351:49-58.
APA Zhang, Chao.,Li, Jing.,Wang, Jie.,Liu, Guobin.,Wang, Guoliang.,...&Peng, Shouzhang.(2019).Decreased temporary turnover of bacterial communities along soil depth gradient during a 35-year grazing exclusion period in a semiarid grassland.GEODERMA,351,49-58.
MLA Zhang, Chao,et al."Decreased temporary turnover of bacterial communities along soil depth gradient during a 35-year grazing exclusion period in a semiarid grassland".GEODERMA 351(2019):49-58.
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