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Energy-material nexus: The impacts of national and international energy scenarios on critical metals use in China up to 2050 and their global implications
Elshkaki, Ayman1; Shen, Lei1,2
2019-08-01
Source PublicationENERGY
ISSN0360-5442
Volume180Pages:903-917
Corresponding AuthorElshkaki, Ayman(ayman@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractTransition to low carbon energy system requires number of metals that are required in other sectors, have limited availability, produced mainly as byproducts in limited countries, and classified critical, which may shift energy system traditional geopolitics. China is main producer of several metals and one of their main consumers, which may have implications on their use in other sectors and in low carbon technologies in other countries. We aim at analyzing electricity generation technologies (EGT) in China, their metals requirements, and their global implications. Metals included are Ag, Te, In, Ge, Se, Ga, Cd, Nd, Dy, Pr, Tb, Pb, Cu, Ni, Al, Fe, Cr, and Zn. Dynamic material flow-stock model and seven energy scenarios are used, combined with material scenarios. Results indicates that most critical metals for energy system are Te, Cr, Ag, Ni, In, Ge, Tb, and Dy, however, technology advancements are expected to reduce risks associated with Ag, In, Dy, and Tb. Energy scenarios are difficult to realize without adequate supply of metals from primary sources, combined with increasing resources efficiency, recycling, and careful selection of technologies. Energy models used to produce these scenarios should include energy-material nexus. Biggest global implications expected for Ge, Te, Tb, and Dy. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordEnergy-material nexus Electricity generation technologies Critical metals Resources Scenario analysis China
DOI10.1016/j.energy.2019.05.156
WOS KeywordGREENHOUSE-GAS EMISSIONS ; MATERIAL FLOW-ANALYSIS ; ELECTRICITY-GENERATION ; DEMAND ; REQUIREMENTS ; STOCKS ; WIND ; TECHNOLOGIES ; CONSTRAINTS ; DRIVEN
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19040102] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0602802] ; International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[131A11KYSB20170117]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; International Partnership Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaThermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS SubjectThermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
WOS IDWOS:000474315800072
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/58469
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorElshkaki, Ayman
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, IGSNRR, 11A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Elshkaki, Ayman,Shen, Lei. Energy-material nexus: The impacts of national and international energy scenarios on critical metals use in China up to 2050 and their global implications[J]. ENERGY,2019,180:903-917.
APA Elshkaki, Ayman,&Shen, Lei.(2019).Energy-material nexus: The impacts of national and international energy scenarios on critical metals use in China up to 2050 and their global implications.ENERGY,180,903-917.
MLA Elshkaki, Ayman,et al."Energy-material nexus: The impacts of national and international energy scenarios on critical metals use in China up to 2050 and their global implications".ENERGY 180(2019):903-917.
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