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The Effects of Different Types of Biochar on Ammonia Emissions during Co-composting Poultry Manure with a Corn Leaf
Rong, Rong1; Zheng, Yusheng1; Zhang, Fengsong2; Yang, Linsheng2; Li, Zhiming1
2019
Source PublicationPOLISH JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
ISSN1230-1485
Volume28Issue:5Pages:3837-3843
Corresponding AuthorZheng, Yusheng(464531655@qq.com) ; Zhang, Fengsong(zhangfs@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractComposting of poultry manure (PM) can cause several problems, including ammonia (NH3) emissions. Biochar is a useful material in the composting process due to its microstructure and sorption properties. This research aims to investigate the changes in NH3 emissions and its relationship with physicochemical properties and the bacterial community during PM composting with different biochar. Seven treatments were carried out with a 2: 1 ratio of PM and corn leaf (dry weight basis), i.e. compost with no biochar (control); compost with 5%, 10% and 15% wheat stalk biochar (WSB); and compost with 5%, 10% and 15% rice husk biochar (RHB). The results indicated that adding WSB and RHB could obviously (p<0.05) reduce NH3 emissions by 53.4-88.7% and 62.5-89.3%, respectively. And the volatilization of NH3 in RHB treatment was lower than that in WSB treatment at the same ratio. Higher surface areas of RHB could adsorb more NH4+ and NH3 to reduce the volatilization of NH3 at the thermophilic composting stage. The analysis of the bacterial community in compost indicated that adding biochar could decrease the population of Ureibacillus thermosphaericus involved in the oxidative deamination process, which further reduced the NH4+-N content and the emission of NH3. Thus, RHB is suggested to be added into PM composting with a ratio of 15%.
Keywordbiochar ammonia emission composting poultry manure
DOI10.15244/pjoes/95179
WOS KeywordORGANIC-MATTER DEGRADATION ; RESISTANCE GENES ; NITROGEN LOSS ; PIG MANURE ; AMENDMENT ; WASTE ; PYROLYSIS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000476941500026
PublisherHARD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/58148
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZheng, Yusheng; Zhang, Fengsong
Affiliation1.Hainan Univ, Dept Bioengn, Minist Educ, Key Lab Trop Biol Resources, Haikou, Hainan, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rong, Rong,Zheng, Yusheng,Zhang, Fengsong,et al. The Effects of Different Types of Biochar on Ammonia Emissions during Co-composting Poultry Manure with a Corn Leaf[J]. POLISH JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES,2019,28(5):3837-3843.
APA Rong, Rong,Zheng, Yusheng,Zhang, Fengsong,Yang, Linsheng,&Li, Zhiming.(2019).The Effects of Different Types of Biochar on Ammonia Emissions during Co-composting Poultry Manure with a Corn Leaf.POLISH JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES,28(5),3837-3843.
MLA Rong, Rong,et al."The Effects of Different Types of Biochar on Ammonia Emissions during Co-composting Poultry Manure with a Corn Leaf".POLISH JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 28.5(2019):3837-3843.
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