Genesis, goals and achievements of Long-Term Ecological Research at the global scale: A critical review of ILTER and future directions
Mirtl, M.1,14; Borer, E. T.2; Djukic, I.1; Forsius, M.3; Haubold, H.1; Hugo, W.4; Jourdan, J.5,6; Lindenmayer, D.7; McDowell, W. H.8; Muraoka, H.9; Orenstein, D. E.10; Pauw, J. C.4; Peterseil, J.1; Shibata, H.11; Wohner, C.1; Yu, X.12; Haase, P.5,6,13
Corresponding AuthorMirtl, M.(michael.mirtl@umweltbundesamt.at)
AbstractSince its founding in 1993 the International Long-term Ecological Research Network (ILTER) has gone through pronounced development phases. The current network comprises 44 active member LTER networks representing 700 LTER Sites and similar to 80 LTSER Platforms across all continents, active in the fields of ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological research. The critical challenges and most important achievements of the initial phase have now become state-of-the-art in networking for excellent science. At the same time increasing integration, accelerating technology, networking of resources and a strong pull for more socially relevant scientific information have beenmodifying themission and goals of ILTER. This article provides a critical review of ILTER's mission, goals, development and impacts. Major characteristics, tools, services, partnerships and selected examples of relative strengths relevant for advancing ILTER are presented. We elaborate on the tradeoffs between the needs of the scientific community and stakeholder expectations. The embedding of ILTER in an increasingly collaborative landscape of global environmental observation and ecological research networks and infrastructures is also reflected by developments of pioneering regional and national LTER networks such as SAEONin South Africa, CERN/CEOBEX in China, TERN in Australia or eLTER RI in Europe. The primary role of ILTER is currently seen as a mechanismto investigate ecosystemstructure, function, and services in response to awide range of environmental forcings using long-term, place-based research. Wesuggest fourmain fields of activities and advancements for the next decade through development/delivery of a: (1) Globalmulti-disciplinary community of researchers and research institutes; (2) Strategic global framework and strong partnerships in ecosystem observation and research; (3) Global Research Infrastructure (GRI); and (4) a scientific knowledge factory for societally relevant information on sustainable use of natural resources. (c) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
KeywordEcosystems Environment Observation Data management Biodiversity Socio-ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000428194000141
Citation statistics
Cited Times:41[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorMirtl, M.
Affiliation1.Environm Agcy Austria, Spittelauer Lande 5, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
2.Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, 1987 Upper Buford Circle,Suite 100, St Paul, MN 55108 USA
3.Finnish Environm Inst SYKE, POB 140, FI-00251 Helsinki, Finland
4.NRF, SAEON, 41 Havilland Crescent,Persequor Pk,POB 2600, ZA-0001 Pretoria, South Africa
5.Senckenberg Res Inst, Clamecystr 12, D-63571 Gelnhausen, Germany
6.Nat Hist Museum Frankfurt, Dept River Ecol & Conservat, Clamecystr 12, D-63571 Gelnhausen, Germany
7.Australian Natl Univ, ANU Coll Med Biol & Environm, Fenner Sch Environm & Soc, Frank Fenner Bldg,Bldg 141, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
8.Univ New Hampshire, Dept Nat Resources & Environm, Rudman Hall,46 Coll Rd, Durham, NH 03824 USA
9.Gifu Univ, River Basin Res Ctr, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 5011193, Japan
10.Technion Israel Inst Technol, Fac Architecture & Town Planning, IL-32000 Haifa, Israel
11.Hokkaido Univ, Field Sci Ctr Northern Biosphere, Kita Ku, N9 W9, Sapporo, Hokkaido 0600809, Japan
12.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, CERN, 11A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
13.Univ Duisburg Essen, Fac Biol, D-45141 Essen, Germany
14.UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Community Ecol, Theodor Lieser Str 4, D-06120 Halle, Germany
Recommended Citation
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Mirtl, M.,Borer, E. T.,Djukic, I.,et al. Genesis, goals and achievements of Long-Term Ecological Research at the global scale: A critical review of ILTER and future directions[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2018,626:1439-1462.
APA Mirtl, M..,Borer, E. T..,Djukic, I..,Forsius, M..,Haubold, H..,...&Haase, P..(2018).Genesis, goals and achievements of Long-Term Ecological Research at the global scale: A critical review of ILTER and future directions.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,626,1439-1462.
MLA Mirtl, M.,et al."Genesis, goals and achievements of Long-Term Ecological Research at the global scale: A critical review of ILTER and future directions".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 626(2018):1439-1462.
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