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Nitrogen source track and associated isotopic dynamic characteristic in a complex ecosystem: A case study of a subtropical watershed, China
Hao, Zhuo1,2; Zhang, Xinyu1,2; Gao, Yang1,2; Xu, Zhiwei3; Yang, Fengting1; Wen, Xuefa1,2; Wang, Yueming1
2018-05-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
ISSN0269-7491
Volume236Pages:177-187
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Xinyu(zhangxy@igsnrr.ac.cn) ; Gao, Yang(gaoyang@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractBy identifying the main sources of nitrate (NO3-) can obtain useful information to support the management of NO3- pollution, particularly in subtropical catchments with shallow drinking water wells. This study used water chemistry and dual stable isotopes delta N-15 and delta O-18 methods to assess seasonal and spatial variations of NO3- in precipitation, surface water, and groundwater in an agricultural and forest subtropical catchment in Jiangxi Province, China. The maximum concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3--N) and ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N) were 10.4 and 10.8 mg L(-1)in samples collected from 221 rainfall events from 2011 to 2013. About 4.4% and 12.3% NH4+-N concentrations of surface water and groundwater exceeded the thresholds of 1.0 and 0.2 mgL(-1). The NO3--N concentrations in surface water were closely correlated with NH4(+)N concentrations in surface water and groundwater (r = -0.71 and r = -0.71, P < 0.05), The concentrations of NH4+-N and NO3--N were significantly higher in a fishery pond and nearby drinking wells than in other monitoring points. Annual exports of NO3--N and NH4+-N were 4.06 x 10(4) and 8.14 x 10(3)kg yr (-1), respectively and NO3--N is the main form of N loss. The delta(15) N values ranged from 0 parts per thousand to 20 parts per thousand in surface water and groundwater, and the delta O-18 values ranged from 0 parts per thousand to 15 parts per thousand and 1 parts per thousand-13 parts per thousand, respectively. Dual stable isotope natural abundance distribution and water chemistry [NO3-]/[Cl-] molar ratio information suggested that manure and sewage and soil N were the main sources of NO3- in surface water and manure and sewage in groundwater in summer and winter. In spring, water occurred denitrification and ammonium fertilizer, manure and sewage were the main sources of NO3- in surface water and groundwater which sampling points were closer residential area and fish ponds than paddy field and local farmers used more Manure. Manure applications should be reasonable around drinking water wells to protect the drinking water quality. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordNitrate Ammonium delta N-15 delta O-18 Subtropical watershed
DOI10.1016/j.envpol.2018.01.078
WOS KeywordNITRATE POLLUTION SOURCES ; GROUND-WATER ; SHALLOW GROUNDWATER ; STABLE-ISOTOPES ; SURFACE-WATER ; SEDIMENT LOAD ; RIPARIAN ZONE ; RIVER ; BASIN ; CONTAMINATION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41571130043] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41571251] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41171153]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000429187500019
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/57409
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Xinyu; Gao, Yang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Ecosyst Network Observat & Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
3.Northeast Normal Univ, Coll Geog Sci, Changchun 130024, Jilin, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hao, Zhuo,Zhang, Xinyu,Gao, Yang,et al. Nitrogen source track and associated isotopic dynamic characteristic in a complex ecosystem: A case study of a subtropical watershed, China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,2018,236:177-187.
APA Hao, Zhuo.,Zhang, Xinyu.,Gao, Yang.,Xu, Zhiwei.,Yang, Fengting.,...&Wang, Yueming.(2018).Nitrogen source track and associated isotopic dynamic characteristic in a complex ecosystem: A case study of a subtropical watershed, China.ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,236,177-187.
MLA Hao, Zhuo,et al."Nitrogen source track and associated isotopic dynamic characteristic in a complex ecosystem: A case study of a subtropical watershed, China".ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 236(2018):177-187.
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