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Changes in multiple ecosystem services between 2000 and 2013 and their driving factors in the Grazing Withdrawal Program, China
Zhang, Haiyan1,2,5; Fan, Jiangwen1; Cao, Wei1; Zhong, Huaping1; Harris, Warwick3; Gong, Guoli4; Zhang, Yaxian1,2
2018-06-01
Source PublicationECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING
ISSN0925-8574
Volume116Pages:67-79
Corresponding AuthorFan, Jiangwen(fanjw@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractQuantitative assessment of ecosystem services in the Grazing Withdrawal Program (GWP) of China is required to understand the effectiveness of environmental protection programs and the sustainability of grassland ecosystems. This study focused on quantitative assessment of changes of key ecosystem services and their driving factors in the GWP from 2000 to 2013. Based on widely used biophysical models, including the GLOPEM-CEVSA model, the precipitation storage method, Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-Offs (InVEST), Revised Wind Erosion Equation (RWEQ) and Underground Productivity Model (UPM), this study integrated multi-source data to analyze dynamic changes of regulating services, including carbon sequestration, water regulation, sand fixation and soil retention, and the provisioning service of grassland yield. For the GWP area during 2000-2013, the ecosystem pattern remained relatively stable and multiple ecosystem services showed overall improvement but there were local deteriorations. For the 14 years net primary productivity (NPP) and grassland yield (GY) increased substantially. Water regulation in forest, grassland and wetland/water body ecosystems improved slightly. The soil conservation function of the entire ecosystem was slightly enhanced with soil retention showing an increasing spatial homogenization and wind erosion having a decreasing tendency. Ecological restoration and reconstruction efforts and climate change helped to improve ecosystem services. Increases in both temperature and precipitation and ecological rehabilitation had a positive effect on vegetation restoration related to a marked increase of vegetation coverage. Increase in annual precipitation increased rainfall related erosion but also assisted water regulation. Reduction in wind speed effectively lowered the occurrence of wind erosion. Vegetation restoration directly increased NPP and GY, and was conducive to water regulation and soil conservation. However, grassland degradation still continued in local areas. Ecological programs applied to the grasslands of China should be continued. Adopting adaptive management approaches that facilitate the synergy of multiple ecosystem services are required to maximize their benefit to the people of China.
KeywordGrazing Withdrawal Program Climate variability Regulating service Provisioning service Ecological rehabilitation China
DOI10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.02.028
WOS KeywordECOLOGICAL RESTORATION PROGRAM ; INNER-MONGOLIA ; GRASSLAND DEGRADATION ; SEMIARID CHINA ; WIND EROSION ; LAND-USE ; PRODUCTIVITY ; PATTERNS ; REGION ; COVER
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2017YFC0506505] ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0604804]
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Engineering
WOS SubjectEcology ; Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000428958100010
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/57395
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorFan, Jiangwen
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Landcare Res, POB 69040, Lincoln 7640, New Zealand
4.Shanxi Inst Energy, Jinzhong 030600, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Room 3702,11A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Haiyan,Fan, Jiangwen,Cao, Wei,et al. Changes in multiple ecosystem services between 2000 and 2013 and their driving factors in the Grazing Withdrawal Program, China[J]. ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,2018,116:67-79.
APA Zhang, Haiyan.,Fan, Jiangwen.,Cao, Wei.,Zhong, Huaping.,Harris, Warwick.,...&Zhang, Yaxian.(2018).Changes in multiple ecosystem services between 2000 and 2013 and their driving factors in the Grazing Withdrawal Program, China.ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING,116,67-79.
MLA Zhang, Haiyan,et al."Changes in multiple ecosystem services between 2000 and 2013 and their driving factors in the Grazing Withdrawal Program, China".ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING 116(2018):67-79.
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