Snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus): potential distribution and its implication for conservation
Nuchel, Jonas1,2; Bocher, Peder Klith1; Xiao, Wen3; Zhu, A-Xing4,5,6; Svenning, Jens-Christian1,7
Corresponding AuthorNuchel, Jonas(j.nuchel@bios.au.dk)
AbstractMany threatened species have undergone range retraction, and are confined to small fragmented populations. To increase their survival prospects, it is necessary to find suitable habitat outside their current range, to increase and interconnect populations. Species distribution models may be used to this purpose and can be an important part of the conservation strategies. One pitfall is that such mapping will typically assume that the current distribution represents the optimal habitat, which may not be the case for threatened species. Here, we use maximum entropy modelling (Maxent) and rectilinear bioclimatic envelope modelling with current and historical distribution data, together with the location of protected areas, and environmental and anthropogenic variables, to answer three key questions for the conservation of Rhinopithecus, a highly endangered genus of primates consisting of five species of which three are endemic to China, one is endemic to China and Myanmar and one is endemic to Vietnam; Which environmental variables best predict the distribution? To what extent is Rhinopithecus living in an anthropogenically truncated niche space? What is the genus' potential distribution in the region? Mean temperature of coldest and warmest quarter together with annual precipitation and precipitation during the driest quarter were the variables that best explained Rhinopithecus' distribution. The historical records were generally in warmer and wetter areas and in lower elevation than the current distribution, strongly suggesting that Rhinopithecus today survives in an anthropogenic truncated niche space. There is 305,800-319,325 km(2) of climatic suitable area within protected areas in China, of which 96,525-100,275 km(2) and 17,175-17,550 km(2) have tree cover above 50 and 75%, respectively. The models also show that the area predicted as climatic suitable using Maxent was 72-89% larger when historical records were included. Our results emphasise the importance of considering historical records when assessing restoration potential and show that there is high potential for restoring Rhinopithecus to parts of its former range.
KeywordRhinopithecus Snub-nosed monkey Species distribution modelling Historical distribution Maxent Conservation
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectEuropean Research Council[ERC-2012-StG-310886-HISTFUNC] ; VILLUM FONDEN[16549]
Funding OrganizationEuropean Research Council ; VILLUM FONDEN
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000428552900013
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorNuchel, Jonas
Affiliation1.Aarhus Univ, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Dept Biosci, Ny Munkegade 114, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark
2.Sino Danish Ctr Educ & Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Dali Univ, Inst Eastern Himalaya Biodivers Res, Dali 671003, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, State Key Lab Resources & Environm Informat Syst, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Univ Wisconsin Madison, Dept Geog, Madison, WI 53706 USA
7.Aarhus Univ, Ctr Biodivers Dynam Changing World BIOCHANGE, Ny Munkegade 114, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nuchel, Jonas,Bocher, Peder Klith,Xiao, Wen,et al. Snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus): potential distribution and its implication for conservation[J]. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,2018,27(6):1517-1538.
APA Nuchel, Jonas,Bocher, Peder Klith,Xiao, Wen,Zhu, A-Xing,&Svenning, Jens-Christian.(2018).Snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus): potential distribution and its implication for conservation.BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION,27(6),1517-1538.
MLA Nuchel, Jonas,et al."Snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus): potential distribution and its implication for conservation".BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 27.6(2018):1517-1538.
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