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Contract teachers and student achievement in rural China: evidence from class fixed effects
Lei, Wang1; Li, Mengjie1; Zhang, Siqi2; Sun, Yonglei2; Sylvia, Sean3; Yang, Enyan4,5; Ma, Guangrong7; Zhang, Linxiu6; Mo, Di8; Rozelle, Scott8
2018-04-01
Source PublicationAUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS
ISSN1364-985X
Volume62Issue:2Pages:299-322
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Linxiu(lxzhang.ccap@igsnrr.ac.cn)
AbstractFor schooling to play an important role in the development of human capital, the system of education needs to provide quality education, which among other things requires high-quality teachers. Facing fiscal constraints and growing enrolments, school systems in developing countries often supplement their teaching staff by hiring contract teachers. However, there is limited evidence on how the effectiveness of these teachers compares to that of civil service teachers. We use a dataset from rural primary schools in western China to estimate the causal effect of contract teachers on student achievement and find that gains in student scores on standardised examinations in mathematics and Chinese are less in classes taught by contract teachers than in classes taught by civil service teachers. The results demonstrate that China's education system needs to focus on producing high-quality teachers to improve the quality of schooling in its rural education system. The findings imply that educators in developing countries should not only seek to hire increasingly more civil service teachers in rural schools, but they should also identify ways of improving the quality of contract teachers. If efforts to improve teaching can succeed, rural students can learn more, earn higher incomes and contribute more to the productivity of the overall economy.
KeywordChina contract teachers primary education student achievement
DOI10.1111/1467-8489.12250
WOS KeywordINSTRUMENTAL VARIABLES ; EDUCATION ; QUALITY ; INVESTMENT ; SCHOOLS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Project111 Project ; Ministry of Education of the P.R. China[B16031] ; State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs P.R. China
Funding Organization111 Project ; Ministry of Education of the P.R. China ; State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs P.R. China
WOS Research AreaAgriculture ; Business & Economics
WOS SubjectAgricultural Economics & Policy ; Economics
WOS IDWOS:000429698400007
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/57289
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Linxiu
Affiliation1.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Int Business Sch, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
2.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Ctr Expt Econ Educ, Xian, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
3.Univ N Carolina, Dept Hlth Policy & Management, Chapel Hill, NC USA
4.Renmin Univ China, Postdoctoral Sci Res Workstat, Postal Savings Bank China, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Renmin Univ China, Ctr Postdoctoral Studies, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Chinese Agr Policy, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Renmin Univ China, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Stanford Univ, Rural Educ Act Project, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lei, Wang,Li, Mengjie,Zhang, Siqi,et al. Contract teachers and student achievement in rural China: evidence from class fixed effects[J]. AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS,2018,62(2):299-322.
APA Lei, Wang.,Li, Mengjie.,Zhang, Siqi.,Sun, Yonglei.,Sylvia, Sean.,...&Rozelle, Scott.(2018).Contract teachers and student achievement in rural China: evidence from class fixed effects.AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS,62(2),299-322.
MLA Lei, Wang,et al."Contract teachers and student achievement in rural China: evidence from class fixed effects".AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS 62.2(2018):299-322.
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