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Human footprint in Tibet: Assessing the spatial layout and effectiveness of nature reserves
Li, Shicheng1,2; Wu, Jianshuang3; Gong, Jian1,4; Li, Shaowei2
2018-04-15
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
Volume621Pages:18-29
Corresponding AuthorLi, Shicheng(lisc@cug.edu.cn)
AbstractHumanity is causing dramatic changes to the Earth, and we may be entering a human-dominated era referred to as the Anthropocene. Mapping the human footprint and assessing the spatial layout and effectiveness of protected areas facilitate sustainable development. As the core region of the third pole, Tibet is an important area for biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services. In this study, five categories of human pressure were summed cumulatively to map the human footprint in Tibet for 1990 and 2010, and the spatial relationship between the human footprint and national and provincial nature reserves (NRs) in Tibet was analyzed. In addition, the human footprint map was also used to evaluate the effectiveness of national and provincial NRs for reducing the impact of human activities. A comprehensive assessment was undertaken for the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon (YZGC) NR. There were several key findings from this study. First, the human footprint scores (HFS) in Tibet for 1990 and 2010 were low, and increased by 32.35% during 1990-2010, which was greater than the global value of 9% for 1993-2009, indicating that Tibet is seriously threatened by human pressure. Grazing intensity and road disturbance intensity contributed significantly to the increase in the HFS. Second, the average HFS for 1990 in NRs was lower than that for the entire Tibet, but the spatial layout and extent of some reserves (e.g., the Qomolangma NR) needs to be optimized further. Third, the establishment of NRs in Tibet was effective in reducing human activities. No leakage phenomena were identified in the regions surrounding the YZGC reserve. However, the management of NRs in Tibet is still challenging in terms of reducing human activities. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordHuman impact Spatial layout Management effectiveness Nature reserves Conservation planning Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.216
WOS KeywordPROTECTED AREAS ; ECOSYSTEM SERVICES ; LAND-USE ; HUMAN PRESSURE ; GREEN RAILWAY ; CHINA ; BIODIVERSITY ; PLATEAU ; CONSERVATION ; DISTURBANCE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41701228] ; National Social Science Fund[14BJY057] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)[G1323531777] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)[G1323531735]
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Social Science Fund ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000424196800003
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/57137
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorLi, Shicheng
Affiliation1.China Univ Geosci, Sch Publ Adm, Dept Land Resource Management, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Free Univ Berlin, Inst Biol, Biodivers Theoret Ecol, Altensteinstr 34, D-14195 Berlin, Germany
4.Minist Land & Resources, Key Labs Law Evaluat, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Shicheng,Wu, Jianshuang,Gong, Jian,et al. Human footprint in Tibet: Assessing the spatial layout and effectiveness of nature reserves[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2018,621:18-29.
APA Li, Shicheng,Wu, Jianshuang,Gong, Jian,&Li, Shaowei.(2018).Human footprint in Tibet: Assessing the spatial layout and effectiveness of nature reserves.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,621,18-29.
MLA Li, Shicheng,et al."Human footprint in Tibet: Assessing the spatial layout and effectiveness of nature reserves".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 621(2018):18-29.
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