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Transfer of Virtual Water of Woody Forest Products from China
Luo, Kaisheng1,2; Tao, Fulu2,3; Moiwo, Juana P.4
2018-02-01
Source PublicationSUSTAINABILITY
ISSN2071-1050
Volume10Issue:2Pages:14
Corresponding AuthorTao, Fulu(taofl2002@yahoo.com)
AbstractGlobal freshwater resources are under increasing pressure. It is reported that international trade of water-intensive products (the so-called virtual water trade) can be used to ease global water pressure. In spite of the significant amount of international trade of woody forest products, virtual water of woody forest products (VWWFP) and the corresponding international trade are largely ignored. However, virtual water research has progressed steadily. This study maps VWWFP and statistically analyzes China's official data for the period 1993-2014. The results show a rapid increase in the trend of VWWFP flow from China, reaching 7.61 x 10(12) m(3) or 3.48 times annual virtual water trade for agricultural products. The export and import volumes of China are respectively 1.27 x 10(12) m(3) and 6.34 x 10(12) m(3) for 1993-2014. China imported a total of 5.07 x 10(12) m(3) of VWWFP in 1993-2014 to lessen domestic water pressure, which is five times the annual water transfer via China's South North Water Transfer project. Asia and Europe account for the highest contribution (50.52%) to China's import. Other contributors include the Russian Federation (16.63%), Indonesia (13.45%), Canada (13.41%), the United States of America (9.60%), Brazil (7.23%) and Malaysia (6.33%). China mainly exports VWWFP to Asia (47.68%), North America (23.24%), and Europe (20.01%). The countries which export the highest amount of VWWFP include the United States of America, Japan, Republic of Korea and Canada. Then the countries which import the highest amount of VWWFP include the Russian Federation, Canada, United States of America, and Brazil. The VWWFP flow study shows an obvious geographical distribution that is driven by proximity and traffic since transportation cost of woody forest products could be significant.
Keywordvirtual water woody forest product international trade export country import country
DOI10.3390/su10020410
WOS KeywordRIVER-BASIN ; FOOTPRINT ; TRADE ; FLOWS ; FOOD ; RESOURCES ; CRISIS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0604703] ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST[2017r091]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectGREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ; Environmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies
WOS IDWOS:000425943100133
PublisherMDPI AG
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.igsnrr.ac.cn/handle/311030/57063
Collection中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所
Corresponding AuthorTao, Fulu
Affiliation1.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Sch Remote Sensing & Geomat Engn, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Njala Univ, Sch Technol, Dept Agr Engn, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Kaisheng,Tao, Fulu,Moiwo, Juana P.. Transfer of Virtual Water of Woody Forest Products from China[J]. SUSTAINABILITY,2018,10(2):14.
APA Luo, Kaisheng,Tao, Fulu,&Moiwo, Juana P..(2018).Transfer of Virtual Water of Woody Forest Products from China.SUSTAINABILITY,10(2),14.
MLA Luo, Kaisheng,et al."Transfer of Virtual Water of Woody Forest Products from China".SUSTAINABILITY 10.2(2018):14.
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